Wednesday, 19 January 2022

Swaraj Amrit Mahotsav : Bhavani Bharati - 45



Devanāgarī

ज्वलाकराला धरणी बभूव क्रोधैर्ज्वलद्भिर्गगनञ्च तुर्णैः।
ह्रेषारवैर्दुन्दुभिघोरनादैस्त्रस्ता धराभूद्दनुजस्य युद्धे॥

Anvaya

तूर्णैः, ज्वलद्भिः क्रोधैः धरणि ज्वालाकराला बभूव गगनं च [करालं बभूव]। दनुजस्य युद्धे ह्नेषारवैः दुन्दुभिधोरनादैः च धरा त्रस्ता अभूत्।

Meaning

तूर्णैः - tūrṇaiḥ - swift; ज्वलद्भिः - jvaladbhiḥ - with flames; क्रोधैः - krodhaiḥ - terrifying; धरणि - dharaṇi - earth; ज्वालाकराला - jvālākarālā - flaming wrath; बभूव - babhūva - became; गगनं च - gaganaṁ ca - and the sky; दनुजस्य - danujasya - the Demon; युद्धे - yuddhe - in battle; ह्नेषारवैः - hneṣāravaiḥ - neighing; दुन्दुभिधोरनादैः च - dundubhidhoranādaiḥ ca - and the rumble of drums; धरा - dharā - world; त्रस्ता - trastā - frightened; अभूत् - abhūt - became;

Sanskrit

तस्याः तीव्रक्रोधाग्निना पृथिवी आकाशश्च प्रज्वलत् करालरूपम् अधारयताम्। असुरयुद्धे ह्नेषारवैः दुन्दुभीनां च घोरनादैः जगत् भीतं त्रस्तं च अभवत्।

English Interpretation

The earth grew lurid with flame and swift tongues of flaming wrath licked the sky. Sounds of neighing and the rumble of drums frightened the world as Kali fought with the Titan.

Hindi

तीव्र क्रोध की ज्वालाओं से
धू-धू करने लगी धरा यह, और गगन
त्राहि-त्राहि कर उठा जगत्
जब युद्धभूमि मे गूँज उठी दुन्दुभियाँ
और हिनहिना उठे दानव के घोड़े॥


--
कथा : विवेकानन्द केन्द्र { Katha : Vivekananda Kendra }
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read n Get Articles, Magazines, Books @ http://prakashan.vivekanandakendra.org

Let's work on "Swamiji's Vision - Eknathji's Mission"

Follow Vivekananda Kendra on   blog   twitter   g+   facebook   rss   delicious   youtube   Donate Online

मुक्तसंग्ङोऽनहंवादी धृत्युत्साहसमन्वित:।
सिद्ध‌‌यसिद्धयोर्निर्विकार: कर्ता सात्त्विक उच्यते ॥१८.२६॥

Freed from attachment, non-egoistic, endowed with courage and enthusiasm and unperturbed by success or failure, the worker is known as a pure (Sattvika) one. Four outstanding and essential qualities of a worker. - Bhagwad Gita : XVIII-26

Tuesday, 18 January 2022

Swaraj Amrit Mahotsav : Bhavani Bharati - 44




Devanāgarī

इतीरयन्ती वचनानि रुष्टा शस्त्रं गृहीत्वा धनुरग्निगर्भम्।
अभ्यद्रवद् भीममरातिमुग्रा पश्चात् पुरस्ताच्च जगर्ज काली॥

Anvaya

इति वचनानि ईरयन्ति रुष्टा, उग्रा काली शस्त्रम् अग्निगर्भं धनुः गृहीत्वा भीमम् अरातिम् अभ्यद्रवत् पश्चात् पुरस्तात् च जगर्ज।

Meaning

इति - iti - (indicating speech); वचनानि - vacanāni - words; ईरयन्ति - īrayanti - as she uttered; रुष्टा - ruṣṭā - incensed; उग्रा काली - ugrā kālī - the violent goddess; शस्त्रम् - śastram - a weapon; अग्निगर्भं - agnigarbhaṁ - fire hurling; धनुः - dhanuḥ - bow; गृहीत्वा - gṛhītvā - lifted; भीमम् - bhīmam - fearsome; अरातिम् - arātim - opponent; अभ्यद्रवत् - abhyadravat - rushed; पश्चात् - paścāt - behind; पुरस्तात् च - purastāt ca - and before; जगर्ज - jagarja - roared;

Sanskrit

एतानि वचनानि आक्रोशन्ति क्रुद्धा, कराला काली निजशस्त्रम् अग्निबाणं गृहीत्वा तं भयङ्करं शत्रुं प्रति अधावत् पुरतः पृष्ठतश्च घोरगर्जनम् अकरोत्।

English Interpretation

As she uttered these words, incensed, the violent goddess lifted a weapon, a fire-hurling bow, and rushed at her fearsome opponent. Before her and behind her Kali roared.

Hindi

इस तरह रोष से ललकारा काली ने,
अग्निगर्भ-धनुशस्त्र उठा कर
झपट पड़ी चिल्लाती हुई उग्र वह
भयकारी रिपु के आगे-पीछे॥



--
कथा : विवेकानन्द केन्द्र { Katha : Vivekananda Kendra }
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read n Get Articles, Magazines, Books @ http://prakashan.vivekanandakendra.org

Let's work on "Swamiji's Vision - Eknathji's Mission"

Follow Vivekananda Kendra on   blog   twitter   g+   facebook   rss   delicious   youtube   Donate Online

मुक्तसंग्ङोऽनहंवादी धृत्युत्साहसमन्वित:।
सिद्ध‌‌यसिद्धयोर्निर्विकार: कर्ता सात्त्विक उच्यते ॥१८.२६॥

Freed from attachment, non-egoistic, endowed with courage and enthusiasm and unperturbed by success or failure, the worker is known as a pure (Sattvika) one. Four outstanding and essential qualities of a worker. - Bhagwad Gita : XVIII-26

Monday, 17 January 2022

Swaraj Amrit Mahotsav : Krishnadevaraya


courtesy : mapofindia.com
Krishnadevaraya and the Vijayanagara Empire

The Vijayanagara Empire was founded in 1336 by two brothers – Harihara I and Bukka Raya I – with the goal of protecting the southern parts of the Indian peninsula from frequent attacks and plunder emanating from the Islamic sultanates of the north. The two brothers formed the Sangama dynasty and managed to exert their dominance over most of the regions south of the Tungabhadra within two decades.

In the years after the inception, successive descendants of the brothers occupied the throne of Vijayanagara and grew the empire manifold. Deva Raya II, the ninth ruler of the Sangama line, was arguably the greatest of his lineage – consolidating the hold of the empire over Calicut and Kollam, Sri Lanka and Burma.

By the time Krishnadevaraya had ascended to the throne, the Vijayanagara Empire had dominated south India for almost two centuries, successfully defeating the Deccan sultanates numerous times and establishing Vijayanagara as the most prosperous kingdom in the Indian subcontinent.

Krishnadevaraya was born into the Tuluva dynasty – the third dynasty to rule over Vijayanagara – and was crowned king in the year 1509 on the auspicious day of Krishna Janmashtami.

Krishnadevaraya – The King of Three Kings

Krishnadevaraya's rule brought unprecedented success to the Vijayanagara armies – with the forces inflicting heavy defeats on the five Deccan sultanates, the Reddys of Kondavidu, the Velamas of Bhuvanagiri and the Gajapati dynasty of Kalinga (modern Odisha).

His victories helped establish him as the most powerful Indian ruler of the time, with his administrative capabilities and his military prowess acquiring legendary status. His repeated victories over the Deccan sultanates led to the poet Muku Timmana admiring him as "the destroyer of the Turks".

The Sultanate of Bijapur

The sultanate of Bijapur was founded by Yusuf Adil Shah when he broke away from the Bahmani Sultanate in 1490 and declared Bijapur an independent state. Yusuf Adil Shah ruled until 1510, following which his son, Ismail Adil Shah, took over the throne.

After having successfully quelled internal rebellions to his rule, Ismail Adil Shah went about building his dynasty and establishing himself as the most powerful of the Deccan sultanates. He achieved this through his crushing victory over the combined armies of the other four sultanates – Berar, Ahmednagar, Golconda and Bidar – when they laid siege on Bijapur.

After his defeat of the rival sultans, Ismail Adil Shah turned his attention towards Vijayanagara. In 1516 CE, sensing an opportunity when Krishnadevaraya was engaged elsewhere in battle with Kalinga, he attacked the Raichur fort and took over its control from Vijayanagara – sowing the seeds for the grand battle that followed.

The Battle of Raichur

Raichur, in Karnataka, is located between the two converging rivers of Krishna and Tungabhadra (doab) – causing its land to be extremely fertile and amenable to growing a variety of crops like cotton, chillies and sesame. This made it a significant asset for whichever kingdom that controlled it.

Key to taking the Raichur doab and the revenues that came with it was control over the Raichur fort – a city over which there had been much conflict between the Deccan sultanates and Vijayanagara in the past. Krishnadevaraya had taken control over it during his early campaigns but, as mentioned earlier, Ismail Adil Shah managed to wrest it away when Krishnadevaraya was engaged in his battles with Kalinga.

The war with Kalinga concluded in 1516, with the Kalinga king Prataparudra surrendering before the might of the Vijayanagara armies. With the threat from Kalinga having been subdued, Krishnadevaraya turned his focus back to his primary enemies – the Deccan sultanates.

The major trigger for the war to begin is also said to have been the dishonesty of a merchant named Syed Maraikar, whom Raya had entrusted with 40,000 gold coins to procure horses from the Portuguese at Goa. Maraikar fled with the coins to Bijapur and sought protection from Adil Shah, who gave it, spurning requests from Vijayanagara to hand the culprit back.

The refusal of Adil Shah to cooperate is said to have forced Raya's resolve and catalysed his decision to launch the Raichur campaign. In early 1520, the Vijayanagara armies – led by Krishnadevaraya – set course for Raichur.

Much of what is known about the battle is from the accounts of Fernao Nunes, a Portuguese traveller and chronicler, who accompanied the army to Raichur and was an eyewitness to what followed.

According to Nunes, the Vijayanagara army assembled by Raya was of a massive scale – a 760,000 strong force including 32,600 horses, 550 elephants and 14 contingents of fully armed soldiers. Krishnadevaraya's legendary commander Pemmasani Ramalinga Nayaka was also part of the forces. The party was also said to include water carriers, courtesans and cooks numbering into the thousands. In addition, Raya had also deployed 50,000 scouts who would ride ahead of the army and send back reports about the enemy to the base camp.


The engagement began with the forces of Vijayanagara surrounding the Raichur fort and commencing their siege from the eastern side – where the fort was said to have been its weakest. The siege continued for three months, with the Raichur fort's garrison – armed with 200 heavy cannons and several smaller ones – giving a tough fight to the Vijayanagara forces under Ramalinga Nayaka.

The battle took a different turn in May 1520 CE, when Ismail Adil Shah's army arrived at Raichur and set up camp on the farther side of the Krishna River (around 25km from the Vijayanagara army). The Bijapur army was of a lesser number than Vijayanagara, but Adil Shah had put his faith in his 900-strong artillery, which he felt would be decisive in the battle ahead.

Adil Shah's initial plan was to entice Raya to try to cross the Krishna River and engage – allowing his artillery to destroy the Vijayanagara forces while they were busy crossing the waters. But Raya – perhaps warned by his scouts – chose not to take the bait and waited patiently for Adil Shah's next move.

Finally, recognising that the Vijayanagara siege would be successful at some point if he didn't engage, Adil Shah crossed the Krishna River but still set up camp close to the waters in order to assure good water supply to his camp.

The armies collided on 20 May 1520 CE, with Krishnadevaraya announcing his intent with the beating of war drums at the crack of dawn. The scale of the sound – including military orders and the cry of the beasts accompanying the army – emanating from the camp was described by Nunes as "It seemed as if the sky should fall to the earth (because of the noise)" and "if you asked anything you could not hear yourself speak and you had to ask by signs".

Raya divided his army into seven wings and, initially, only ordered the first two – led by his father-in-law Kumara Virayya – to attack. Raya himself was to take command of the remaining five.

Adil Shah – who, in stark contrast to Raya, had decided to stay behind his army and take no part in battle – wanted Raya and the bulk of his forces to engage as early as possible. The reason for it was that he wanted the maximum concentration of the Vijayanagara army in the firing range of his artillery in order to inflict all-out damage and, if luck would have it, slay the king as well.

Raya's decision to send just two wings confounded him again, and soon Kumara Virayya's spirited assault cut through the Bijapur forces and pushed them back into their trenches.

Adil Shah was now in a conundrum. The long time it would take to reload artillery during those days meant that he had to fire his cannons at a carefully calibrated time in order to ensure maximum damage and give his men enough time to reload.

Finally, when the Vijayanagara forces were within range and his front flank almost decimated by Virayya, Adil Shah ordered his artillery to open fire. The fires rained down on the Vijayanagara forces killing many men, horses and elephants – forcing them to retreat from the battlefield.

Sensing an imminent victory, the Bijapur forces attacked with full flourish, pursuing the retreating soldiers and slaughtering them as they fled away.

Krishnadevaraya responded almost immediately – charging onto the battlefield with the remaining five divisions. Raya's entry swung the battle decisively – the Bijapur soldiers had broken formation while charging forward and were disorganised. The avalanche of Raya's five divisions decimated them and swept them into the Krishna River.

Raya's onslaught was so fierce that the fleeing Bijapur soldiers abandoned their camp completely and ran into the river to save their lives, as the Vijayanagara army chased them and wreaked havoc. A desperate but brave attempt by the Bijapur commander Salabat Khan to attack Raya directly was also subdued and Khan was taken prisoner.

In the meantime, Adil Shah, helped by his bodyguard Asad Khan, fled the camp on an elephant, leaving Krishnadevaraya to occupy the sultanate's camp as well.

With the army of the sultanate destroyed, Raya turned his attention back to the fort and continued the siege. The second assault was further aided by the arrival of the Portuguese captain, Christovao de Figueiredo, along with a troop of 20 musketeers, to deliver horses to Raya.

The Portuguese musketeers were deployed to attack the defenders of the fort, who were shot down one by one, ending with the death of the governor of the fort, after which the Raichur fort soon surrendered to Krishnadevaraya and the Vijayanagara army.

Aftermath

The crushing victory over the Bijapur sultanate took the power of the Vijayanagara Kingdom to its zenith with none of the sultanates daring to risk another attack during Krishnadevaraya's lifetime. Very soon, Raya and his armies marched into Bijapur and raised its former capital, Gulburga, to the ground.

These successive victories established Krishnadevaraya as the leading monarch of the Indian subcontinent – so much so that the tales of his valour are said to have removed any notions of attacking south India from the mind of Babur after his victory over Ibrahim Lodhi.

However, the achievements of Raya go even beyond the military field.

Fluent in many languages, he supported Sanskrit, Tamil, Kannada and Telugu literature. Several Kannada poets like Chatu Vittalanatha and Mallanarya enjoyed his patronage. The Tamil poet Haridasa is also said to have enjoyed Raya's benefaction.

His rule is also known as the Golden Age of Telugu literature – the eight giants of Telugu poetry, collectively known as the Astadiggajalu, were part of his court. Among this collective was the iconic Allasani Peddana – considered to be the greatest ever Telugu poet and the Andhra Kavita Pitamaha (the father of Telugu poetry).

Another member of the Astadiggajalu was Tenali Raman – a poet of great intelligence and wit, who has been represented lovingly across the country in numerous books, comics, TV serials and films.

Raya himself authored several works in Sanskrit – Madalasa Charita, Satyavadu Parinay and Jambavati Kalyana.

An ardent devotee of the Tirumala Venkateswara temple, he is said to have offered numerous priceless items to the temple and is honoured in the premises with his statue even to this day.

No mention of Krishnadevaraya can be complete without that of the empire he led as its king. The Vijayanagara Kingdom, though scarcely mentioned in our textbooks today, was one of the greatest of the Indian subcontinent for over 200 years – keeping the fire alive for Dharmic values while the north was ravaged by repeated Islamic attacks.

During a time when the history of other parts of India was characterised by jauhars, mass genocides and temple destructions, Vijayanagara gave birth to great literature in multiple languages, rousing intellectual religious debates and classical music. Successive rulers of the empire also patronised the sciences, with the Kerala School of Astronomy and Mathematics performing leading research in trigonometry, calculus and astronomy. Nilakantha Somayaji, one of the earliest to have hypothesised on the orbitals of planets, was part of this very school.

The empire also made great contributions to architecture – combining various south-Indian styles like Chalukya, Hoysala, Pandya and Chola – to create awe-inspiring structures like the Vittala temple at Hampi or the underground Prasanna Virupaksha temple or the numerous open-air structures at the ruins of Vijayanagara.


--
कथा : विवेकानन्द केन्द्र { Katha : Vivekananda Kendra }
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read n Get Articles, Magazines, Books @ http://prakashan.vivekanandakendra.org

Let's work on "Swamiji's Vision - Eknathji's Mission"

Follow Vivekananda Kendra on   blog   twitter   g+   facebook   rss   delicious   youtube   Donate Online

मुक्तसंग्ङोऽनहंवादी धृत्युत्साहसमन्वित:।
सिद्ध‌‌यसिद्धयोर्निर्विकार: कर्ता सात्त्विक उच्यते ॥१८.२६॥

Freed from attachment, non-egoistic, endowed with courage and enthusiasm and unperturbed by success or failure, the worker is known as a pure (Sattvika) one. Four outstanding and essential qualities of a worker. - Bhagwad Gita : XVIII-26

Sunday, 16 January 2022

Swaraj Amrit Mahotsav : Bhavani Bharati - 43



Devanāgarī

सुप्तेषु पुत्रेषु रणोत्सुकेषु निशाचरः शोणितमार्यमातुः।
पिबन् विनर्दस्यबलान् बली को विहंसि चाण्डाल कृतान्तभक्ष्य॥

Anvaya

चाण्डाल ! कृतान्तभक्ष्य! रणोत्सुकेषु पुत्रेषु कः बली निशाचरः [त्वम्] आर्यमातुः शोणितं पिबन् विनर्दसि ? अबलान् विहंसि ?

Meaning

चाण्डाल - cāṇḍāla - Ca??ala; कृतान्तभक्ष्य - kṛtāntabhakṣya - food for Death; रणोत्सुकेषु - raṇotsukeṣu - eager for battle; पुत्रेषु - putreṣu - sons; कः? - kaḥ - who?; बली - balī - strong; निशाचरः - niśācaraḥ - in the night; आर्यमातुः - āryamātuḥ - of the mother of the Aryans; शोणितं - śoṇitaṁ - blood; पिबन् - piban - drunk; विनर्दसि - vinardasi - bellowing; अबलान् - abalān - weak; विहंसि - vihaṁsi - oppress;

Sanskrit

रे रे चाण्डाल ! यमभोजन ! कीदृशः असुरः त्वम् ? धिक् त्वाम् ! धिक् तव बलम् ! यदा आर्यमातुः रणोत्सुकाः पुत्राः सुप्ताः तदा त्वं तस्याः रक्तं पिबन् गर्जसि ? दुर्बलान् मारयसि ?

English Interpretation

"Who are you who, while her sons slept who are now eager for battle, have drunk the blood of the mother of the Aryans like a Rakshasa, bellowing in the night? Who are you who, strong, oppress the weak, O fallen one, food for Death?"

Hindi

समरोत्सुक पुत्रों के सोते हुए कौन यह
आर्या माँ का रुधिर पी रहा असुर निशाचर?
तू यम का आहार कौन रे नीच!
जो बलशाली होकर अबला का दमन कर रहा॥



--
कथा : विवेकानन्द केन्द्र { Katha : Vivekananda Kendra }
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read n Get Articles, Magazines, Books @ http://prakashan.vivekanandakendra.org

Let's work on "Swamiji's Vision - Eknathji's Mission"

Follow Vivekananda Kendra on   blog   twitter   g+   facebook   rss   delicious   youtube   Donate Online

मुक्तसंग्ङोऽनहंवादी धृत्युत्साहसमन्वित:।
सिद्ध‌‌यसिद्धयोर्निर्विकार: कर्ता सात्त्विक उच्यते ॥१८.२६॥

Freed from attachment, non-egoistic, endowed with courage and enthusiasm and unperturbed by success or failure, the worker is known as a pure (Sattvika) one. Four outstanding and essential qualities of a worker. - Bhagwad Gita : XVIII-26

Saturday, 15 January 2022

Swaraj Amrit Mahotsav : Bhavani Bharati - 42



Devanāgarī

ज्ञात्वा हि मातू रुदितं क्षतानि विद्युद्धराण्यक्षिशतान्यभूवन्।
क्रोधैः सहस्राणि ततो मुखानि भीमानि भीमं दनुजेशमायन्॥

Anvaya

मातुः रुदितं क्षतानि [च] ज्ञात्वा हि अक्षिशतानि विद्युद्धराणि अभूवन्। ततः क्रोधैः सहस्राणि भीमानि मुखानि भीमं दनुजेशम् आयन्।

Meaning

मातुः - mātuḥ - of Mother; रुदितं - ruditaṁ - weeping; क्षतानि - kṣatāni - wounds; ज्ञात्वा - jñātvā - noticing/knowing; हि - hi - (for emphasis); अक्षिशतानि - akṣiśatāni - hundreds of eyes; विद्युद्धराणि - vidyuddharāṇi - lightning bolts; अभूवन् - abhūvan - did; ततः - tataḥ - then; क्रोधैः - krodhaiḥ - with rage; सहस्राणि - sahasrāṇi - thousands; भीमानि - bhīmāni - furious; मुखानि - mukhāni - faces; भीमं - bhīmaṁ - dreadful; दनुजेशम् - danujeśam - Demon King; आयन् - āyan - turned;

Sanskrit

मातुः क्रन्दनं तस्याः क्षतविक्षतं शरीरं च दृष्ट्वा शतशः जाज्वल्यमान-नेत्राणि उद्भासितानि। ततः क्रोधैः सहस्रशः भयङ्करमुखानि तं दुर्दान्तदानवराजम् अभ्युपेतानि।

English Interpretation

Growing aware of the Mother's weeping and her wounds, hundreds of eyes darted light-ning. Then thousands of faces turned, dire with rage, upon the dread lord of Titans.

Hindi

माँ को रोता देख,देख उसके घावों को
बिजली सी शत-शत-शत आँखें चमक उठीं,
और सहस्र भयानक मुख वे मुड़े रोष से भर कर
उस भीम महादानव की ओर॥




--
कथा : विवेकानन्द केन्द्र { Katha : Vivekananda Kendra }
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read n Get Articles, Magazines, Books @ http://prakashan.vivekanandakendra.org

Let's work on "Swamiji's Vision - Eknathji's Mission"

Follow Vivekananda Kendra on   blog   twitter   g+   facebook   rss   delicious   youtube   Donate Online

मुक्तसंग्ङोऽनहंवादी धृत्युत्साहसमन्वित:।
सिद्ध‌‌यसिद्धयोर्निर्विकार: कर्ता सात्त्विक उच्यते ॥१८.२६॥

Freed from attachment, non-egoistic, endowed with courage and enthusiasm and unperturbed by success or failure, the worker is known as a pure (Sattvika) one. Four outstanding and essential qualities of a worker. - Bhagwad Gita : XVIII-26

Friday, 14 January 2022

Swaraj Amrit Mahotsav : Bhavani Bharati - 41



Devanāgarī

क्षोभेण तीव्रेण चराचरस्य क्षुब्धान्यपश्यं पृतनानि तत्र।
स्वप्नोत्थितानीव वचः सुरौद्रं भो हन्यतां दुष्ट इतीरयन्ति॥

Anvaya
तत्र चराचरस्य तीव्रेण क्षोभेण क्षुब्धानि भो हन्यतां दुष्टः इति सुरौद्रं वचः ईरयन्ति स्वप्नोत्थितानि इव पृतनानि अपश्यम्।

Meaning

तत्र - tatra - now; चराचरस्य - carācarasya - of the world; तीव्रेण - tīvreṇa - intense; क्षोभेण - kṣobheṇa - by agitation; क्षुब्धानि - kṣubdhāni - agitated; भो! - bho - Oh!; हन्यतां - hanyatāṁ - death; दुष्टः - duṣṭaḥ - to the villain; इति - iti - (indicating speech); सुरौद्रं - suraudraṁ - fiercely; वचः - vacaḥ - speech; ईरयन्ति - īrayanti - shouting; स्वप्नोत्थितानि - svapnotthitāni - roused from sleep; इव - iva - as if; पृतनानि - pṛtanāni - armies; अपश्यम् - apaśyam - I saw;

Sanskrit

तत्र पृथिव्याः तीव्रेण क्षोभेण क्षुब्धाम्, भो हन्यतां दुष्टः इति भयङ्करं शब्दं कुर्वतीं सेनां स्वप्तात् प्रबुद्धाम् इव अपश्यम्। [पृतनानि (वैदिकप्रयोगः) - पृतना, सेना। ]

English Interpretation

Now I saw armies as if roused from sleep, agitated by the intense agitation that had seized the world, shouting fiercely, "Death to the villain!"

Hindi

जड़-चेतन के तीव्र क्षोभ से
क्षुब्ध हुई सेना को मैंने देखा,
जो अभी स्वप्न से उठी हुई लगती थी,
और रुद्र-आवेशित होकर चीख उठी-
अरे!मार डालो इस अत्याचारी को॥


--
कथा : विवेकानन्द केन्द्र { Katha : Vivekananda Kendra }
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read n Get Articles, Magazines, Books @ http://prakashan.vivekanandakendra.org


Let's work on "Swamiji's Vision - Eknathji's Mission"

Follow Vivekananda Kendra on   blog   twitter   g+   facebook   rss   delicious   youtube   Donate Online

मुक्तसंग्ङोऽनहंवादी धृत्युत्साहसमन्वित:।
सिद्ध‌‌यसिद्धयोर्निर्विकार: कर्ता सात्त्विक उच्यते ॥१८.२६॥

Freed from attachment, non-egoistic, endowed with courage and enthusiasm and unperturbed by success or failure, the worker is known as a pure (Sattvika) one. Four outstanding and essential qualities of a worker. - Bhagwad Gita : XVIII-26

Thursday, 13 January 2022

Swaraj Amrit Mahotsav : Bhavani Bharati - 40



Devanāgarī

त्रैलोक्यमुन्मादकरैः कराल्या आवाहनैः पूर्णमभूच्च सर्वम्।
ज्वालामुखी दारुणवह्निगर्भा कण्ठादुदक्रामदजस्रशब्दा॥

Anvaya

सर्वं त्रैलोक्यं च कराल्याः उन्मादकरैः आवाहनैः पूर्णम् अभूत्, दारुणवह्निगर्भा, अजस्रशब्दा ज्वालामुखी कण्ठात् उदक्रामत्।

Meaning

सर्वं - sarvaṁ - all; त्रैलोक्यं च - trailokyaṁ ca - three worlds; कराल्याः - karālyāḥ - of Kali; उन्मादकरैः - unmādakaraiḥ - frenzied; आवाहनैः - āvāhanaiḥ - summons; पूर्णम् - pūrṇam - filled; अभूत् - abhūt - were; दारुणवह्निगर्भा - dāruṇavahnigarbhā - womb of intense fire; अजस्रशब्दा - ajasraśabdā - constantly erupting/sounding; ज्वालामुखी - jvālāmukhī - volcano; कण्ठात् - kaṇṭhāt - from the throat; उदक्रामत् - udakrāmat - issued/omitted;

Sanskrit

सर्वं त्रैलोक्यं काल्याः उन्मादकरैः आवाहनैः पूर्णम् अभवत् ; दारुणवह्निगर्भः, अजस्रशब्दमयः आग्नेयगिरिश्च कण्ठात् विनिर्गतः।

English Interpretation

All the three worlds were filled with the maddening summons of Kali. A volcano of dev-astating flame issued from the throat in immortal words.

Hindi

गूँज उठे तीनों लोक
काली के उन्माद भरे आवाहन से,
शब्द अजस्र कंठ से उसके फूटे ऐसे
जैसे ज्वालामुखी,
गर्भ में जिसके दारुण वन्हि बसी हो॥



--
कथा : विवेकानन्द केन्द्र { Katha : Vivekananda Kendra }
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read n Get Articles, Magazines, Books @ http://prakashan.vivekanandakendra.org

Let's work on "Swamiji's Vision - Eknathji's Mission"

Follow Vivekananda Kendra on   blog   twitter   g+   facebook   rss   delicious   youtube   Donate Online

मुक्तसंग्ङोऽनहंवादी धृत्युत्साहसमन्वित:।
सिद्ध‌‌यसिद्धयोर्निर्विकार: कर्ता सात्त्विक उच्यते ॥१८.२६॥

Freed from attachment, non-egoistic, endowed with courage and enthusiasm and unperturbed by success or failure, the worker is known as a pure (Sattvika) one. Four outstanding and essential qualities of a worker. - Bhagwad Gita : XVIII-26

Wednesday, 12 January 2022

Swaraj Amrit Mahotsav : To The Awakened India

(Written to Prabuddha Bharata or Awakened India, in August 1898, when the journal was transferred from Madras to Almora Himalayas, into the hands of the Brotherhood founded by Swami Vivekananda.)


Once more awake!
For sleep it was, not death, to bring thee life
Anew, and rest to lotus-eyes for visions
Daring yet. The world in need awaits, O Truth!
No death for thee!

Resume thy march,
With gentle feet that would not break the
Peaceful rest even of the roadside dust
That lies so low. Yet strong and steady,
Blissful, bold, and free. Awakener, ever
Forward! Speak thy stirring words.

Thy home is gone,
Where loving hearts had brought thee up and
Watched with joy thy growth. But Fate is strong —
This is the law — all things come back to the source
They sprung, their strength to renew.

Then start afresh
From the land of thy birth, where vast cloud-belted
Snows do bless and put their strength in thee,
For working wonders new. The heavenly
River tune thy voice to her own immortal song;
Deodar shades give thee eternal peace.

And all above,
Himala's daughter Umâ, gentle, pure,
The Mother that resides in all as Power
And Life, who works all works and
Makes of One the world, whose mercy
Opens the gate to Truth and shows
The One in All, give thee untiring
Strength, which is Infinite Love.

They bless thee all,
The seers great, whom age nor clime
Can claim their own, the fathers of the
Race, who felt the heart of Truth the same,
And bravely taught to man ill-voiced or
Well. Their servant, thou hast got
The secret — 'tis but One.

Then speak, O Love!
Before thy gentle voice serene, behold how
Visions melt and fold on fold of dreams
Departs to void, till Truth and Truth alone
In all its glory shines —

And tell the world —
Awake, arise, and dream no more!
This is the land of dreams, where Karma
Weaves unthreaded garlands with our thoughts
Of flowers sweet or noxious, and none
Has root or stem, being born in naught, which
The softest breath of Truth drives back to
Primal nothingness. Be bold, and face
The Truth! Be one with it! Let visions cease,
Or, if you cannot, dream but truer dreams,
Which are Eternal Love and Service Free.

--
कथा : विवेकानन्द केन्द्र { Katha : Vivekananda Kendra }
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read n Get Articles, Magazines, Books @ http://prakashan.vivekanandakendra.org



Let's work on "Swamiji's Vision - Eknathji's Mission"

Follow Vivekananda Kendra on   blog   twitter   g+   facebook   rss   delicious   youtube   Donate Online

मुक्तसंग्ङोऽनहंवादी धृत्युत्साहसमन्वित:।
सिद्ध‌‌यसिद्धयोर्निर्विकार: कर्ता सात्त्विक उच्यते ॥१८.२६॥

Freed from attachment, non-egoistic, endowed with courage and enthusiasm and unperturbed by success or failure, the worker is known as a pure (Sattvika) one. Four outstanding and essential qualities of a worker. - Bhagwad Gita : XVIII-26

Tuesday, 11 January 2022

Swaraj Amrit Mahotsav : Scientific Achievements - 3

15. Successfully designed low costing wireless telephony.
After the 1980s we have come a long way. India today has successfully designed very low costing wireless telephony. These have been a great breakthrough for the country's own communication systems and the other nations as well. This serves a huge milestone for the world as now wireless telephony can be accessed by everyone at a decent cost.
 
16. Success in Chandrayaan -1 mission
When it comes to space exploration, India has yet another milestone to be extremely proud of. This is the Chandrayaan-1 Mission. This mission marks India's first lunar exploration mission. The ISRO put much effort into making this mission a success and at its success, they have finally gone beyond the geostationary orbit. With the advent of this mission, India has emerged as the fourth country in the world to have hoisted its flag on the lunar surface. This achievement has also given the impetus to ISRO to make more such efforts towards missions like the aforementioned. The achievement is a matter of great honour for the nation.  
 
17. Developing the IRNSS to have satellite navigation capability
Of all modern space-based services, navigation satellites always touch the lives of most people on the planet, even if they may not be directly aware of it. Navigation was one of the earliest applications introduced in the space race. India has been depending on navigational satellite systems designed by various other states for quite some time now. It was time to develop an indigenous system. The strategic value of critical data was clear, thus, with the backing of the Indian military, the proposal for an Indian Satellite Navigation System received all the financial and political support it required. With the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) the nation realised its dream of having an independent satellite navigation capability. This system has helped us realise our dream of developing a homegrown GPS system that could enhance our strategic interests. It is designed to offer accurate position data service to users in India as well as the region extending up to 1500 Km from its boundary, which is its primary service area. This also comes as a huge help for our military.  
 
18. Successfully test firing a Scramjet Rocket Engine
One would ask what an air breathing rocket would be. Well, ISRO successfully tested a Scramjet Rocket Engine, which essentially uses atmospheric oxygen from the surroundings to burn it with the fuel to produce a forward thrust. This technology is in stark contrast to the conventional chemical rocket systems that carry both the oxygen and the fuel together. The development of the high-speed technology system will take us a long way in ensuring that it meets India's futuristic space transportation needs. Apart from which it also adds another feather into the cap of ISRO's achievements.     
 
19. The Space Capsule Recovery Experiment Mission
The Space Capsule Recovery Experiment Mission was India's endeavour in establishing its technological ability to recover an orbiting satellite. This turned out to be a remarkable feat for Indian space prowess.  It was a remarkable achievement and the technology will now be used to develop recovery technologies for future human and robotic missions. This feat has strengthened our space faring capabilities and has given the ISRO yet again a thrust to move in the forward direction when it comes to space exploration.  
 
20. Owning the largest domestic communications satellite in Asia-Pacific
India's INSAT system is one of the largest domestic communication satellites that are owned by any nation in the Asia-Pacific region. It initiated a major revolution in India's communications sector. This puts us on a list of a few who possess an indigenous communication satellite for domestic use in the Asia-Pacific region. It has been an extremely viable resource for our nation and continues to set us apart from other nations. At present, it is serving several crucial sectors of our economy, including telecommunication, education, and meteorology.
 
India of 2020 is massively different from India in 1947. As fifth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP and third largest in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). With numerous advancements in the nation, it is no wonder that venture capitalists, multinationals, private equities, and foreign participatory investors are betting high on India's growth story. It is also not a surprise that today India is also an attractive destination for foreign investment.
India's improving economic performance and the talents of the Indian population has enabled the nation to bridge with both developed and developing countries. The nation has deepened its relationship with the United States, Russia, and Europe. The initiative taken by the government with the US on civil nuclear agreement opened a new chapter in India's technological development.
The Indian government has always taken the lead in India's active participation in the Asian community-building process. India today, as a nation, is warmly welcomed to almost every vital Asian and Asia-Pacific forum. India has advanced its economic and security engagement with the Indian Ocean and the Indo-Pacific region. The nation has strengthened its economic and defence relations with countries of West-Asia and the Middle East and of East and South-East Asia

--
कथा : विवेकानन्द केन्द्र { Katha : Vivekananda Kendra }
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read n Get Articles, Magazines, Books @ http://prakashan.vivekanandakendra.org

Let's work on "Swamiji's Vision - Eknathji's Mission"

Follow Vivekananda Kendra on   blog   twitter   g+   facebook   rss   delicious   youtube   Donate Online

मुक्तसंग्ङोऽनहंवादी धृत्युत्साहसमन्वित:।
सिद्ध‌‌यसिद्धयोर्निर्विकार: कर्ता सात्त्विक उच्यते ॥१८.२६॥

Freed from attachment, non-egoistic, endowed with courage and enthusiasm and unperturbed by success or failure, the worker is known as a pure (Sattvika) one. Four outstanding and essential qualities of a worker. - Bhagwad Gita : XVIII-26

Monday, 10 January 2022

Swaraj Amrit Mahotsav : राधाबिनोद पाल

राधाबिनोद पाल: एक ऐसा भारतीय, जिसे जापान में भगवान की तरह पूजा जाता है

राधाबिनोद पाल, शायद आपने इस महान शख्स का नाम भी न सुना हो। और भी बहुत सारे भारतीय ऐसे हैं, जो इन्हें न तो जानते हैं और न ही पहचानते हैं, लेकिन आपको जानकर हैरानी होगी कि इस शख्स को जापान में न सिर्फ लोग जानते हैं बल्कि उसे भगवान की तरह पूजते भी हैं। यही वजह है कि जापान के यासुकुनी मंदिर और क्योतो के र्योजेन गोकोकु देवालय में इनकी याद में विशेष स्मारक बनवाए गए हैं।

27 जनवरी 1886 को तत्कालीन बंगाल प्रांत में जन्मे राधाबिनोद पाल अंतरराष्ट्रीय ख्याति प्राप्त भारतीय विधिवेत्ता और न्यायाधीश थे। उन्होंने कोलकाता के प्रेसिडेंसी कॉलेज और कोलकाता विश्वविद्यालय से कानून की शिक्षा ली थी और उसके बाद 1923 से 1936 तक वो इसी विश्वविद्यालय में अध्यापक भी रहे थे। साल 1941 में उन्हें कोलकाता उच्च न्यायालय में न्यायाधीश नियुक्त किया गया था।

राधाबिनोद पाल द्वितीय विश्वयुद्ध के बाद जापान द्वारा किए गए युद्ध अपराधों के खिलाफ चलाए गए अंतरराष्ट्रीय मुकदमे 'टोक्यो ट्रायल्स' में भारतीय जज थे। उन्हें ब्रिटिश सरकार ने भारत का प्रतिनिधि बनाया था। कुल 11 जजों में वो इकलौते ऐसे जज थे, जिन्होंने ये फैसला किया था कि सभी युद्ध अपराधी निर्दोष हैं। इन युद्धबंदियों में जापान के तत्कालीन प्रधानमंत्री हिदेकी तोजो सहित 20 से ज्यादा अन्य नेता और सैन्य अधिकारी शामिल थे।

न्यायाधीश पाल ने अपने फैसले में लिखा था कि किसी घटना के घटित होने के बाद उसके बारे में कानून बनाना उचित नहीं है और इसीलिए उन्होंने युद्धबंदियों पर मुकदमा चलाने को विश्वयुद्ध के विजेता देशों की जबरदस्ती बताते हुए सभी को छोड़ने का फैसला सुनाया था जबकि बाकी जजों ने उन्हें मृत्युदंड दिया था। यही वजह है कि जापान में उन्हें आज भी एक महान व्यक्ति की तरह सम्मान दिया जाता है।

साल 2007 में जब जापान के प्रधानमंत्री शिंजो आबे भारत आए थे, तो उन्होंने राधाबिनोद पाल के बेटे से कोलकाता में मुलाकात की थी और तस्वीरों का आदान-प्रदान भी किया था। दरअसल, उस समय के युद्ध अपराधियों में शिंजो आबे  के नाना नोबूसुके किशी भी शामिल थे, जो बाद में प्रधानमंत्री बने।

--
कथा : विवेकानन्द केन्द्र { Katha : Vivekananda Kendra }
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read n Get Articles, Magazines, Books @ http://prakashan.vivekanandakendra.org

Let's work on "Swamiji's Vision - Eknathji's Mission"

Follow Vivekananda Kendra on   blog   twitter   g+   facebook   rss   delicious   youtube   Donate Online

मुक्तसंग्ङोऽनहंवादी धृत्युत्साहसमन्वित:।
सिद्ध‌‌यसिद्धयोर्निर्विकार: कर्ता सात्त्विक उच्यते ॥१८.२६॥

Freed from attachment, non-egoistic, endowed with courage and enthusiasm and unperturbed by success or failure, the worker is known as a pure (Sattvika) one. Four outstanding and essential qualities of a worker. - Bhagwad Gita : XVIII-26

Sunday, 9 January 2022

Swaraj Amrit Mahotsav : Scientific Achievements - 2

8. ISRO launched a staggering 104 satellites on a single rocket.
The India Space Research Organisation of ISRO demonstrated its expert skills when they launched a record of 104 satellites on a single rocket. This displayed their ability to handle complex missions. Interestingly this is the highest number of satellites anyone has ever launched in a single mission. No other country at the moment has achieved this marvellous feat. India's scientists have proved their metal by achieving this mammoth task which had never been done before.

9. Developing an indigenous cryogenic engine for GSLV-Mk III
The rocket that was described as a game-changer by ISRO is the heaviest rocket in India called GSLV-Mk III. The ISRO launched this heavy rocket with a cryogenic engine. The same was indigenously developed and is one of a kind. This step was taken in order to take a step closer to self-reliance when it comes to space exploration. With this, the country has shown that it is capable of launching rockets without any help from other space-faring nations.

10. An 18 year old developed the world's smallest satellite
India is a land of numerous prodigies. It was recently reported that an 18-year-old with no more than a 3D printer made the world's smallest satellite. Rifath Sharook, an 18 year old resident of Tamil Nadu wrote history when he designed the world's smallest satellite and named it after the former President Dr. Abdul Kalam. The tiny 3D printed satellite was flown into space with a NASA Mission. It just goes on to show how creative young minds are and that the same requires encouragement to do wonders.

11. Developing an indigenous supercomputer called PARAM
We are all pretty aware that India at one point in time faced a technological dilemma and the regime in the 1980s rejected the advances made in technology. PARAM- a supercomputer built indigenously marks our departure from the same. This first-ever indigenous supercomputer was built by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) and the mandate of the same was to set up an indigenous supercomputer that met high –speed computational needs. So now we have it!

12. Developing the world's fastest and anti-ship cruise missile.
India developed a self-made seeker for Brahmos marking it as one of the fastest and most formidable anti-ship cruise missiles. This means that the country has carved a niche for itself and marks a huge achievement. The breakthrough in supersonic missiles will impose the calibre and class of missiles in India. The country has for the first time developed such a missile and we hope that it will continue to make such breakthroughs.

13. The Mars Orbiter Mission - the only one to reach Mars in the first attempt
An interesting fact that most of us are not aware of is that India is the only country with a successful first attempt at reaching Mars. The Mars Orbiter Mission made India the only nation in the world to reach Mars in its first attempt. The Mangalyaan-1 is an indigenously built space probe that marks India's first venture into interplanetary space. With this feat, we are now first in Asia and fourth in the World in terms of nations that have reached the surface of Mars. Mangalyaan-1 gives us a lot to be proud of and it is now upon our scientific community to see how we can enhance our skills of venturing into interplanetary space and carry forward the legacy of this marvellous feat.

14. Developed the world's lowest costing supercomputer
India has been credited with making the world's lowest costing Supercomputer. PARAM is the nation's indigenously made supercomputer and it is interesting to know that at the same time we are a hub of producing affordable supercomputers, in fact the lowest costing one in the world. Thus, we are bringing the technology to many-many states who do not have enough resources to afford the expensive versions of the same elsewhere.

--
कथा : विवेकानन्द केन्द्र { Katha : Vivekananda Kendra }
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read n Get Articles, Magazines, Books @ http://prakashan.vivekanandakendra.org

Let's work on "Swamiji's Vision - Eknathji's Mission"

Follow Vivekananda Kendra on   blog   twitter   g+   facebook   rss   delicious   youtube   Donate Online

मुक्तसंग्ङोऽनहंवादी धृत्युत्साहसमन्वित:।
सिद्ध‌‌यसिद्धयोर्निर्विकार: कर्ता सात्त्विक उच्यते ॥१८.२६॥

Freed from attachment, non-egoistic, endowed with courage and enthusiasm and unperturbed by success or failure, the worker is known as a pure (Sattvika) one. Four outstanding and essential qualities of a worker. - Bhagwad Gita : XVIII-26

Saturday, 8 January 2022

Swaraj Amrit Mahotsav : Scientific Achievements - 1

1. Developed a satellite for domestic communication
The Indian National Satellite System or the INSAT is India's very own domestic communication satellite. It has two multipurpose satellites in geostationary orbit, each of which has twelve 36 MHz-wide C-band channels, two 36 MHz-wide S-band channels and a Very High Resolution. India is one of the only few countries to have such a satellite. It is an extraordinary achievement and puts us on the spot with some very developed nations. It has 5 large earth stations and 13 medium earth stations along with 10 remote area terminals. It is regarded as one of the largest domestic communication satellite systems and all the operational communication satellites of it are placed in the geostationary orbit.
 
2. One of the five nations to launch a nuclear submarine
India secured a spot among the only five nations to have launched a nuclear submarine by the name INS Arihant. This is India's first step towards establishing a dominant position in all three domains. INS Arihant is a 5,000 Km range Submarine. The completion of the successful deterrence patrol of the indigenous INS Arihant in November 2018 marks a new era for India's nuclear defence capabilities. Like we said earlier, this nuclear submarine is indigenous which adds another feather to our cap of achievements. India with this addition has adorned its naval fleet with a crowning jewel. Interestingly, this submarine was launched on Vijay Diwas by Dr. Manmohan Singh. The 20-day long patrol in November 2018 marks the completion of India's nuclear triad.

3. Discovery of the Fibonacci numbers by Virahanka
While the proper application and usage may be discovered a while later it is found that the Fibonacci numbers were actually discovered by the scholar Virahanka. What is generally referred to as the Fibonacci numbers and the method for their formation were given by Virahaṅka between A.D. 600 and 800. The reference to this has been found in journals of Gopala (prior to A.D. 1135) and Hemacandra (c. A.D. 1150), all prior to L. Fibonacci (c. A.D. 1202). This means that way before Fibonacci, we already had the know-how of the same. Narayaṅna Paṅḋita (A.D. 1356) established a relation between his swastika-paṅkti, which contains Fibonacci numbers as a particular case, and the multinomial coefficients. This is also a testament to the fact that many such ancient discoveries lie unappreciated and unearthed.

4. As a Technological Hub
It is quite an interesting fact to know that India is one of the greatest hubs for Information Technology services. A report showed that out of the top 20 best Information Technology companies in the world, 5 companies are Indian companies. These companies include TCS, Infosys, Wipro, Cognizant, and HCL technologies. Apart from these five companies, we also are aware of India's tremendous contribution to Silicon Valley. 

Indian Tech companies have driven growth, increased access to resources, healthcare, and education, creating jobs, resulting in falling poverty levels, and advanced lifestyles. India is at the forefront of technology, innovation, and entrepreneurship, and 2019 has been regarded as quite the year for the Indian start-up ecosystem.
The nation is home to some of the youngest entrepreneurs in the world, with the average age of founders at a mere 27 years. The strong ecosystem has seen a rising number of successful start-ups being churned out and exits taking place, indicating signs of a maturing ecosystem. This has definitely led to an increase in superior quality entrepreneurs, investors, and mentors with past experience helping develop and accelerate new businesses. Multiple Indian start-ups are valued at US $1 billion or more.

Over the years, the nation has managed to overcome numerous adversities, including the shifting economic environments, a dearth in infrastructure, and inefficiencies within the system in addition to social and cultural barriers. The robust ecosystem has come of age and there are now more platforms for entrepreneurs to learn, develop, and create great companies than ever before.

The increasing middle class has also given rise to a new breed of entrepreneurs: educated, young, smart, ambitious, passionate, driven, and hard-working. The nation can now only move forward from here.  
 
5. Solar Potential of India
India's commitment to using renewable sources of energy is fairly new. This however does not mean that we have not endeavoured to equip ourselves with the setup to utilise renewable sources of energy such as solar power.

India's total solar power capacity alone has advanced by more than 11 times for the last five years. From the year 2014 to 2020, the solar power capacity of India has increased from 2.6 GigaWatts (GW) to 38 GW. Solar power in India can help us tremendously. In fact, companies like Sukam power systems have electrified many schools in Africa in order to support the education of children in Africa. The solar power potential in India is very high and we have 20 Terawatts worth of solar power. States like Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Rajasthan have topped the list of states with the highest capacity installed solar power projects in the nation. The state of Karnataka alone has 5.3 Terawatts worth of solar panels. This further is accompanied by the world's first fully solar electrified airport in Kochi and the world's first fully solar electrified cricket stadium in Bangalore. This makes us environmentally conscious and responsible as well.

Reports have mentioned that India has one of the most competitive and lowest per-unit costs of solar power in the world. Per unit charge of solar power in India is nearly around Rs. 2.47.
 
6. Discovering a supercluster of galaxies
It is quite an interesting thing to know that a group of Indian astronomers discovered a supercluster of galaxies. Someone with no formal knowledge and study made this astonishing discovery. This supercluster of galaxies is one of the largest known structures in the neighbourhood of the universe and is as big as 20 billion suns. The same has been named 'Saraswati'. It is interesting to see how we have such untapped human resources.
 
7. Developing the atomic clock
The Indian Space Research Organisation or ISRO has made a path-breaking discovery. This is the invention of the atomic clock. With this invention, ISRO has put itself among the only few who possess this sophisticated technology. This clock is extremely useful in navigation satellites and also to measure precise location data. Currently inventing this, European aerospace imported the atomic clocks with a manufacturer named Astrium. It is honourable to know that we now possess this technology and can manufacture it indigenously.
 
--
कथा : विवेकानन्द केन्द्र { Katha : Vivekananda Kendra }
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read n Get Articles, Magazines, Books @ http://prakashan.vivekanandakendra.org



Let's work on "Swamiji's Vision - Eknathji's Mission"

Follow Vivekananda Kendra on   blog   twitter   g+   facebook   rss   delicious   youtube   Donate Online

मुक्तसंग्ङोऽनहंवादी धृत्युत्साहसमन्वित:।
सिद्ध‌‌यसिद्धयोर्निर्विकार: कर्ता सात्त्विक उच्यते ॥१८.२६॥

Freed from attachment, non-egoistic, endowed with courage and enthusiasm and unperturbed by success or failure, the worker is known as a pure (Sattvika) one. Four outstanding and essential qualities of a worker. - Bhagwad Gita : XVIII-26

Friday, 7 January 2022

Swaraj Amrit Mahotsav : Vivekananda Kendra Kanyakumari

All those who have an urge for progress or who aspire to attain proficiency or to achieve something great, have to consciously develop the habit of overstaining and overworkingby always venturing to cross the comfortable limit, by volunteering to bear the stress and strain in the process.
-Ma. Eknathji Ranade


Mananiya Shri B. M. Birla,


It is after a long gap that I am writing to you. I am sure, this finds you in perfect health.


I trust, you may have learnt through newspapers about our launching the Second Phase of our activity, namely, the starting of a Service Mission named 'Vivekananda Kendra'. The occasion of Swamiji's 110 birth-day, which fell this year on 7th January, was chosen by us to found the 'Kendra'. The enclosed copy of my press-release spells out its broad features.


It has been decided to publish, as a part of the Kendra's activity, a six-monthly journal under the title 'Vivekananda Kendra Patrika' (English), as the official organ of the Kendra. It is the anniversary of the advent of Shri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. The enclosed small informatory gives details about the nature of its two issues during the current year.


It was only as a result the unstinted support that we got from well-wishers like you that the Committee could, so far, progress from target to target. Naturally, even in the implementation of this Second Phase, we look to you for full support. This letter, however, is for seeking only your advertisement-support,for the 'Patrika'. I am enclosing, for your perusal, a copy of the tariff card to enable you to see what maximum yearly help you can conveniently extend to this publication, through advertisements.


As the Kendra can grow only in proportion to the number of dedicated youngsters coming forward to join it, the committee has also decided to start a Monthly Journal (English) by name 'Yuva Bharati' (Voice of the Youth) from the ensuing 1st Vaisakh i.e. 14th April, 1972, to cater to the need your generous help. But about that, I shall approach you only after the 'Patrika' sees the light of the day.


Trusting that you will certainly feel like making a yearly allotment of some pages, ordinary or otherwise, on behalf of different concerns under your bening guidance, to the 'Patrika', we shall be expecting to receive, from your office, the necessary advice in that regard, within the next few days.


With respects,

Yours Sincerely,

Eknath Ranade





--
कथा : विवेकानन्द केन्द्र { Katha : Vivekananda Kendra }
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read n Get Articles, Magazines, Books @ http://prakashan.vivekanandakendra.org

Let's work on "Swamiji's Vision - Eknathji's Mission"

Follow Vivekananda Kendra on   blog   twitter   g+   facebook   rss   delicious   youtube   Donate Online

मुक्तसंग्ङोऽनहंवादी धृत्युत्साहसमन्वित:।
सिद्ध‌‌यसिद्धयोर्निर्विकार: कर्ता सात्त्विक उच्यते ॥१८.२६॥

Freed from attachment, non-egoistic, endowed with courage and enthusiasm and unperturbed by success or failure, the worker is known as a pure (Sattvika) one. Four outstanding and essential qualities of a worker. - Bhagwad Gita : XVIII-26