Wednesday 21 November 2018

Homage to C V Raman

"Ask the right questions, and nature will open the doors to her secrets." - C. V. Raman

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was one of the most notable physicist in the world who did ground-breaking research in the field of Light, which is now known as the Raman Effect, and won him the 1930 Nobel Prize for Physics. We celebrate National Science Day on 28 February every year to commemorate the discovery of the Raman Effect in 1928. C. V. Raman was responsible for laying a firm foundation of scientific research in our country. Due to his initiatives, India has made a mark in the world as a nation with ample technological and scientific capabilities and manpower. Whatever technological development we have seen today it is "Raman Effect"! The very fact that he brought laurels to India as far back as 1930 by winning the Nobel Prize, speaks volumes about his scientific genius. He donated his all money of Nobel Prize to the Freedomfighters.  A grateful nation honored his efforts with a Bharat Ratna in 1954, the top most honor that could be bestowed to an Indian citizen.

Early Life and Education

C. V. Raman was born on 7 November 1888, in Thiruvanaikoil, Tiruchirappalli, which was under the Madras Presidency during British India, where his father was a school teacher. After his schooling there and late at Viskhapatnam, Raman joined the Presidency College in Chennai. In 1904, at the age of 16 he graduated with a gold medal in physics in 1907 obtained the M.Sc. degree from University of Madras.

Early Career

From 1907 onwards, for 10 years Raman worked as an accountant in the government Finance and Accounts services in Kolkata and held a senior position.

In 1917, Raman resigned from government service after his appointment as the first Palit Professor of Physics at the University of Calcutta. He also continued doing research at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), Calcutta, where he became the Honorary Secretary. Raman would call this period as the golden era of his career.

Rise To Prominence

On 28 February 1928, at the IACS, Raman conducted experiments with K. S. Krishnan and other colleagues, on the scattering of light, during which he discovered the Raman effect, which gave further proof of the quantum nature of light.

Raman spectroscopy was referred to by Ernest Rutherford at the Royal Society in 1929. Raman was the President of the 16th session of the Indian Science Congress held in 1929. He was conferred a knighthood, received several medals and honorary doctorates from various universities. Raman was awarded the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics. He was the first Asian and first non-white to receive any Nobel Prize in the sciences.

In 1932, Raman and Suri Bhagavantam discovered the quantum photon spin. Raman also held the position of permanent visiting professor at BHU. Raman also worked on the acoustics of musical instruments like violin, table and mridangam. Raman and his student, Nagendra Nath, provided the correct theoretical explanation for the acousto-optic effect or light scattering by sound waves which was called the Raman–Nath theory.

In 1933, Raman left IACS and joined Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore as its first Indian director.

Later Years

In 1947, he was appointed as the first National Professor of Independent India. Raman retired in 1948 from the Indian Institute of Science. He also started the Travancore Chemical and Manufacturing Co. Ltd. which later subsequently established four factories in Southern India. In 1949, he established the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore. He served as its director till his death in 1970 at the age of 82.
Personal Life

He was married to Lokasundari Ammal on 6 May 1907. They had two sons named Chandrasekhar and Radhakrishnan.

Honours and Awards

Raman was honored with a large number of honorary doctorates and memberships of scientific societies. Several roads, buildings, and awards have been named after him.

  •     Fellow of the Royal Society, 1924
  •     Awarded the Knight Bachelor honor by the Queen of England, 1929
  •     Nobel Prize in Physics, 1930
  •     Franklin Medal, 1941
  •     Bharat Ratna: The highest civilian award of the Republic of India, in 1954
  •     Lenin Peace Prize, from the then USSR, 1957
  •     In the science fiction film Star Trek: The Next Generation, the United Federation of Planets Starfleet ship is named Raman after him.
  •     In 2013, the Google Doodle honored him on his 125th birth anniversary.


The main theme of my life is to take the message of Sanatana Dharma to every home and pave the way for launching, in a big way, the man-making programme preached and envisaged by great seers like Swami Vivekananda. - Mananeeya Eknathji

विवेकानन्द केन्द्र कन्याकुमारी (Vivekananda Kendra Kanyakumari)
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra :
Read Article, Magazine, Book @
Cell : +91-941-801-5995, Landline : +91-177-283-5995

. . . Are you Strong? Do you feel Strength? — for I know it is Truth alone that gives Strength. Strength is the medicine for the world's disease . . .
This is the great fact: "Strength is LIFE; Weakness is Death."
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Tuesday 20 November 2018

Mataji Maharani Tapaswin

Mataji Maharani Tapaswini, initially called Gangabai, was a Brahmin woman hailing from the Deccan region of British India. She was born in 1835 in Vellore District of Tamil Nadu. She was well versed in Sanskrit language and the sacred scriptures, related to the Hindu religion. Gangabai wanted to propagate a pattern of female education compatible with the Hindu religious and ethical laws. With this intent, she came to Kolkata. Unlike some other reformers of that time, Gangabai believed that Hindu society could be regenerated from within.

Gangabai's Contribution towards the Society
For the sake of saving her motherland, Gangabai left her home and came to Jhansi where she became an intimate companion of Rani Laxmi Bai, who was a distant maternal aunt of hers. Being united with Rani Laxmi Bai, Gangabai bravely fought the rebellion of 1857. After Laxmi Bai's death, Gangabai came to Nepal, in the company of Nana Saheb, and she spent almost 30 years of her life in volatile for practicing the hardest sadhanas, which probably gave her the name of Tapaswini Mata. There she was preparing for her next mission in life, which was carried out in Kolkata.

Formation of Mahakali Pathshala
With the aim of women's education, she came to Kolkata in 1890 and set up the Mahakali Pathshala (Great Mother Kali School) of Bengal. It was founded in 1893 and this school and its many branches have often been said to mirror a "genuine Indian attempt" at developing female education. This school received no financial assistance from foreigners and employed no foreign teachers. Founders of the institution opposed the concept of co-education and the use of one syllabus for both sexes. Their aim was to educate girls on strictly national lines in the hope that they might regenerate the Hindu society. This was a project consistent with those of nationalist revivalists, who did not automatically oppose reformation in the name of resisting colonial knowledge. Despite their differences with the liberal reformers, they too believed in the relationship between progress and female education and looked to a future where Indian women would play a larger role in the affairs of the country. In May 1897, Swami Vivekananda came to visit the Mahakali Pathshala and appreciated Gangabai's effort to establish a new path for developing the women education.

Gangabai's Method of Educating Women
Gangabai's notion of an ideal education for women was translated into a syllabus which included knowledge of sacred literature and history; an understanding of the myths and legends that spoke about the duties of the daughter, wife, daughter-in-law, and mother; and practical skills such as cooking and sewing. This syllabus was praised by Hindu gentlemen of the middle-class who believed that much of the female education which existed at the time demoralized and denationalized young Hindu women. Cooking lessons were especially popular in the light of the prevalent belief that educated girls avoid the kitchen.

Expansion of Mahakali Pathshala
Financial support for this institution grew rapidly and within ten years there were 23 branches with 450 students. As the school expanded, it published its own Bengali and Sanskrit textbooks. Gangabai turned more and more to supervision while the actual administration of the school was left in the hands of an illustrious board of trustees presided over by the Maharaja of Darbhanga, Bengal's largest landlord.

Affiliation of Mahakali Pathshala The Mahakali Pathshala rose to prominence due to the significance it attached to religious studies, homemaking prowess and the Purdah system. In 1948, the Mahakali Pathshala achieved the status of affiliation to the educational authority of the University of Calcutta. The existence and popularity of this school in the early years of the twentieth century was an indicator of the fact that the conservative elements were finally making room for the concept of female education which was fast gaining ground.


The main theme of my life is to take the message of Sanatana Dharma to every home and pave the way for launching, in a big way, the man-making programme preached and envisaged by great seers like Swami Vivekananda. - Mananeeya Eknathji

विवेकानन्द केन्द्र कन्याकुमारी (Vivekananda Kendra Kanyakumari)
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra :
Read Article, Magazine, Book @
Cell : +91-941-801-5995, Landline : +91-177-283-5995

. . . Are you Strong? Do you feel Strength? — for I know it is Truth alone that gives Strength. Strength is the medicine for the world's disease . . .
This is the great fact: "Strength is LIFE; Weakness is Death."
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Monday 19 November 2018

Eknathji - Man with capital M

Eknathji Ranade : The Man and his Mission

Shri Eknath Ranade, President, Vivekananda Rock Memorial Committee and Vivekananda Kendra, Kanyakumari, Is no more. But he lives beyond death in the inspiring, magnificent Vivekananda Rock Memorial off the Kanyakumari shore and even more in the living, growing memorial–Vivekananda Kendra–a spiritually ­oriented Service Mission, consisting of men and women, specially young men and young women, dedicated to the twin tasks of man-­making and nation-building inspired by the ideals of Swami Vivekananda – Renunciation and Service, Tyaga and Seva. Eknathji lived and died to build, to foster, to nourish with his vision, his will, his wisdom, his life-long Sadhana and Tapas, his sweat, his tears, his blood remaining dedicated and dynamic to the last day of his life, 22nd of August 1982, when he breathed his last at 2.45 p. m. after a sudden, massive heart attack in his office at Madras while on his way to Kanyakumari. He was returning after a long tour which had taken him to Kashmir, Delhi, Ajmer, Ahmedabad, Bombay, Nagpur, Poona, Sholapur, etc., to visit the various Vivekananda Kendra Branches and to meet the life-workers of the Vivekananda Kendra, whom he had trained with such care and affection for devoted, selfless service, which was both a passion with him, as also an inexhaustible source of abiding inspiration to him, which kept him ever a tireless worker, undeterred by difficulties, undaunted by obstacles and problems, accepting them as challenges, as hurdles to be crossed with courage and confidence, treating them as opportunities for strengthening oneself for more work, harder work, more dedicated work, more selfless work.

Mission of Service

Eknath Ranade was a Karmayogi, wedded to work, dedicated to Nishkama Karma, Self-less Seva, of which he was an embodiment and his life a shining, inspiring example. There is no doubt, he will live in and through the dedicated work done by the Vivekananda Kendra through its life-workers at its many branches, in different States, including Port Blair in Andamans, where they are running a school with over 300 students, Imphal in Manipur, Gauhati and Dibrugarh, Tinsukhia in Assam, in so many places in Arunachal Pradesh where they are working among the Tribals, the most neglected children of Bharatmata, running among them for their children, both girls and boys, with the devoted love and labour of their lady-life-workers over a dozen schools, including Residential and Girls Schools, with the co-operation and appreciation of both the people and the Government. The people have been inviting them cordially to open more and more schools in their areas for the benefit of their children and the people in the area, for the teachers, in these schools, some of them as far away and inaccessible as in Tafragaon, are dedicated and devoted souls; who even during vacations do not go on a holiday to their own home but hold camps and like to meet parents and other people, young and old, in different areas to wo(Prof. K. N. VASWANI Ex Vice-President, Vivekananda Kendra, Kanyakumari)rk among them to serve them. They seek to understand them, learn about their manners and customs, their language and culture, to appreciate them and to build bonds with them for their national integration as an invaluable element in the beautiful, multifaced, rich and varied culture of India, which accepts, assimilates and enriches and inspires and unifies us all, and which is like a garland of many flowers, or like a symphony of many tones and tunes, woven into a beautiful inspiring harmony, precious for all.

Unity in Diversity

It has been singing through the centuries, for ages untold, the rich resonant song, the ineffable music of 'Unity in diversity.' which is the need not only of India that is Bharat, but of the whole world, entire Humanity, which without its message of love and wisdom, of Harmony and Unity, would fall a prey to venomous, warring creeds. It would fall a victim to hatred and disharmony and to destruction, devastation and death, through the multiplica­tion of monstrous means of mass destruction devised by modern science, with its enormous efficiency, in its unparalleled unwisdom and exceptional technical competence, misdirected to inhuman ends which may result in diabolic deeds, which would be a shame to civilization and a blot on culture and humanity.

Swami Vivekananda's message proclaimed at the World Congress of Religions at Chicago on 11th Sept. 1893, was therefore the message of Universal Brotherhood, of fraternity and friendship between the nations and among their people, the world over. This message is not only very relevant but even indispensable today to prevent a human holocaust. And Vivekananda Rock Memorial, erected opposite the ancient Kanyakumari temple at the land's end of the Indian sub-continent, where, in Gandhi's words, the three seas meet to wash the feet of Bharatmata, is a national monument in the true sense of the term, for it has been built at a cost of 1.25 crores by collecting small donations of one or two rupees each from lakhs of common people and not only from the rich or the Government. Making it national in this sense too, was to the credit of Eknath Ranade, who had so planned it and pursued this plan with vigour and skill. Karmayogi as he was he used often to quote from the Gita his favourite words "Yoga is skill in action." Built as a memorial to one of the greatest sons of India and a prophet of Universal Brotherhood and World Harmony, the Vivekananda Rock Memorial is like a lighthouse shining in the dark, beckoning to India and the world to follow the path of harmony of religions, of faiths, of races, of creeds and castes. It sends out a message of world unity, of understanding and appreciation, of co-existence and co-operation, and calls for "selfless service of God's creation as true worship of the Lord."

Chosen Instrument for Vivekananda's Dream

Eknath Ranade, the chosen instrument for the spread of the vital, vigorous, man-making, nation-building and world-unifying message, was not only the patient builder of the Vivekananda Rock Memorial which took 6 years to build (1964-1970) being inaugurated on 11th Sept. 1970, and which was a sturdy, impressive, magnificent monument in granite, to the memory of that magnificent personality Swami Vivekananda, but Eknath Ranade was also the wise visionary, the founder of the Vivekananda Kendra, a Service. Mission of active, dedicated men and women, who were to be the living growing memorial to the message of the matter Swami Vivekananda who had said in his wonderful inspiring prophetic words: "A hundred thousand men and women, fired with the zeal of holiness, fortified with eternal faith in the Lord and nerved to lion's courage by their sympathy for the poor and the fallen and the downtrodden, will go over the length and breadth of the land, preaching the gospel of salvation, the gospel of help, the gospel of social raising-up and the gospel of equality." These were the words which were the refrain of the one song which in the course of my 11-year-long, continuous, personal association with Eknathji since 1971, I was privileged to hear again and again and he lived and died to translate this dream of Swami Vivekananda into a living reality, an actual fact, through Vivekananda Kendra, the life-workers whom he taught and trained, among whom he lived and worked and died.

Tireless Worker who will not rest

Eknathji was a tireless worker, an organiser and a great dreamer, with a vision, and a will which will not accept defeat or be dismayed. Even after his last serious, severe and shattering illness when be had a terrible stroke in April 1980 and was laid low, almost near his end and death, he like a valiant, formidable, faith-inspired fighter that he was, gave a long, patient, tough and, victorious fight to Death and won through the battle that time, to the surprise of the doctors and the joy and jubilation of his co-­workers in the Vivekananda Kendra who were like his own daughters and sons, to the joy also of his co-workers in the R. S. S. with whom he had played a heroic and wholesome role in the history of nation-building in India before coming in 1963, at the time of the Vivekananda Birth Centenary Celebrations to his new last phase of work, which was to be a glorious one including the erection of the magnificent Vivekananda Rock Memorial and the founding of the Vivekananda Kendra as a Service Mission, the training of its life-­workers young men and young women, whom he has left behind to work as a dedicated, devoted, determined, humble and harmonious team, to carry on the great task of selfless national service with Swami Vivekananda's inspiring ideals and the example of his dedicated dynamic life before them.

While the doctors described Eknathji's recovery from his serious illness as "a miracle," and several senior Swamis of the Ramakrishna Mission with whom he had very close friendly and fraternal relations as "a blessing," Eknathji himself described it to me as "a second life." He said to me: "Vaswani, I was dead for a few months, I had closed my eyes; but now that I am back, it means God still wants me to work." This was his reply to appeals from co-workers who were like his children in the Kendra to co-workers and friends also in the R. S. S. and the Ramakrishna Mission and other sister organisations, and to admonitions and advice also from doctors, "I do not want to rest and rust. I must work and harder to complete my task during the time granted to me. I shall try to be careful. But life without work, is like death to me. God will keep me as long as He wishes, so let me work." This was his way of withstanding any request for rest by him.

Dream of Vivekananda Kendra, International

He had a dream of Vivekananda Kendra, International, as the third phase of his plan for the true memorial to Swami Vivekananda, his vital message for the world, of selfless service and universal harmony. The first meeting of the General Body of Vivekananda Kendra, International, was held at Vivekanandapuram, Kanyakumari, in his room on 7th June 1982 before he proceeded on 30th June on his last tour of India to meet Vivekananda Kendra life-workers and acquaint himself with and give a further impetus to their activities. For him, it was to be the first as also the last meeting. This he did not know, nor we. But some of his words seem now to have contained an un-understood hint, for he said during that meeting: "We are only making a beginning; coming generations will take up the work afterwards." He was the Founder-President of Vivekananda Kendra, International.

Vivekananda Kendra: A Thought Movement

Eknath Ranade used to call the Vivekananda Kendra, not only a service Mission, with a cadre of dedicated life-workers both men and women, but he also used to call it a Thought Movement, the thought being selfless service. He used to say, how very many or how few we are in the Vivekananda Kendra within our cadre for life will not matter so very much, if we conceive of Vivekananda Kendra as a Thought Movement for selfless service. Let people do selfless service, not for life, for a few years, months, or only days, even for a few hours and not under the auspices of Vivekananda Kendra but under the auspices of any organisation or no organisation at all, absolutely on their own as individuals in their own neighbourhood, in their own family even, teaching or nursing their own servant, whoever is in need but do this as selfless service. The spread of this thought, the inculcation of this idea of selfless service, is the essence of the Vivekananda Kendra work. And spreading this idea even beyond the borders of India, abroad, was his last dream in the form of Vivekananda Kendra, International. He knew that this was only his dream, for he knew he had not the time, not the energy and the strength.

Plan for a Kendra Branch in Every District

But he had cherished another dream, earlier, which he thought was not to be only a dream, but which he wished to translate into a reality. He had thought and planned and also expressed at meetings with life-workers of the Kendra, that with the co-operation and support of well-wishers in all parts of India, in the decennial year of the Vivekananda Kendra, 1982, for Vivekananda Kendra was started in 1972, we should have a branch of Vivekananda Kendra in ever, district of our country. The dream was certainly desirable, but the plan seemed quite ambitious, yet the desire was very much there in him as among the workers. The dream and the plan remain still with us.

Eknathji is no more in his body yet he is still here in his dream, his plan, his example of a dedicated life, his pursuit with determination of a set purpose, from which he would not be distracted, for which he would work resolutely, persistently, consistently with a vigour and a will, with determination and dedication, tirelessly and selflessly. Can we learn from his life, his example, to do so? Shall we try? Let each one answer for himself or herself.

Influences that shaped Eknathji's Life

Who made Eknathji, what he became? Who moulded him? What shaped him? Who gave him the sense of purpose, and the will and persistence to achieve his purpose?

Eknath Ranade was born on 19th November 1914, at Timtal in Amravati District, Maharashtra, in an ordinary household, his father Shri Ramakrishna beings a station master. And not very well-to do.  The father was a strict disciplinarian, which Eknathji himself continued to be the last day, also and even more with himself, which could be considered to be among the secrets of his success with purposes he set for himself to fulfil. His mother Ramabai was loving and devout, the source of his spiritual leanings which took the shape of selfless service and his devotion to Vivekananda's doctrine "Service of humanity is true worship of divinity" which was Eknathji's watchword, life's Mantra.

He was brought up and educated at Nagpur where his eldest brother Kashinath was engaged in some small business. He was educated at the Hislop College, Nagpur, and passed his M. A. in Philosophy from Nagpur University and Law from Saugar University, Madhya Pradesh.

His stay in Nagpur was to be the turning point in his life, the central moulding force which shaped and made him, for during his school days, the more formative years, he came in close contact with that moulder of men into humble, yet heroic, dedicated men­–Dr. Hedgewar, the founder of the R. S. S. ( Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh) under whose magic spell, he was drawn into that movement, joining it in 1938 as a whole-timer, a Pracharak, working for them not only in Madhya Pradesh, but also in the north-east region including Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Tripura, Manipur and Meghalaya. He had learnt Bengali and also come in close, friendly contact with Ramakrishna Mission and during the great exodus from East Bengal to West Bengal, with his organising skill and dedication, he devoted himself body, heart and soul to the relief and rehabilitation of the East Bengal refugees serving them in every way. Due to his sterling qualities and devoted work, his skill and insight, he rose to be the General Secretary of the R. S. S. and served the R. S. S. in that capacity with credit and distinction, till April 1962. Thereafter began the new phase of his life.          

The Last Luminous Phase

He was destined for the nation-building work by Swami Viveka­nanda in the Vivekananda way. To this he came in 1963, in the year of Vivekananda Birth Centenary Celebrations, issuing in January 1963 as his personal homage, to the great Swami, his compilation of Swami Vivekananda's inspiring words under the caption "Rousing Call to Hindu Nation." So the moulding forces in Eknathji's life have been "Discipline," from his father, "Devotion" from his mother, "Patriotic nation-building urge" from Dr. Hedgewar and the R. S. S. and its spiritual orientation and strengthening from the Ramakrishna Mission, and their integration and final fusion and fruition through the vital, vibrating, man-making message and masterful personality of Swami Vivekananda during the last 20 years of Shri Eknathji's life. First from 11th August 1963 as Organising Secretary of Vivekananda Rock Memorial Committee, then as General Secretary for many years and since 1978, as President of the Vivekananda Kendra, Eknathji has left an indelible mark not only on the land and the country in the form of the Vivekananda Rock Memorial, as a fountain source of inspiration for all, but he has made also an invaluable contribution in the sphere of service organisations by founding and fostering Vivekananda Kendra, which through its selfless exemplary work among Tribals in the north-east in Arunachal Pradesh, and its expanding service-activities in the South in Kanyakumari, has earned enormous goodwill and inspired faith in the role which it and such other organisations can play in the sphere of national reconstruction. And so Eknath Ranade, the man with a Mission, will continue to live in and through his chosen life-long mission of selfless service through the Vivekananda Kendra and all such other Service Missions, whose way he has paved by his devotion, determination and dedication and his tireless striving for perfection.

(Prof. K. N. VASWANI Ex Vice-President, Vivekananda Kendra, Kanyakumari)


The main theme of my life is to take the message of Sanatana Dharma to every home and pave the way for launching, in a big way, the man-making programme preached and envisaged by great seers like Swami Vivekananda. - Mananeeya Eknathji

विवेकानन्द केन्द्र कन्याकुमारी (Vivekananda Kendra Kanyakumari)
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra :
Read Article, Magazine, Book @
Cell : +91-941-801-5995, Landline : +91-177-283-5995

. . . Are you Strong? Do you feel Strength? — for I know it is Truth alone that gives Strength. Strength is the medicine for the world's disease . . .
This is the great fact: "Strength is LIFE; Weakness is Death."
Follow us on   blog   twitter   youtube   facebook   g+   delicious   rss   Donate Online