Tuesday, 15 March 2022

Swaraj Amrit Mahotsav : Bharatikrishna Tirthaji Maharaj

VEDIC MATHEMATICS presently known as the modern mathematics is completely based on ALGEBRA. It is rediscovered by the greatest mathematician and the Shankaracharya Jagadguru Bharatikrishna Tirthaji Maharaj of Govardhan math puri; Odisha. He is the 143rd Shankaracharya of Govardhan math.

He was born on 14th March 1884 in a small village of Tamil Nadu named "Tinnivelly". His childhood name was Venkatraman. His father, Shri P. Narasimha Shastri, was then a Tahsildar at Tinnivelly (Madras residency). At the age of twenty years he completed his post graduation in six different subjects like Mathematics, Science, History, Philosophy, English and Sanskrit from the Bombay centre of American college of Science Rochester; New York. He was a greatest orator of Sanskrit and awarded the title of "SARASWATI" for his all round proficiency in Sanskrit by the Sanskrit association of Madras. In 1902 he won the highest place in the graduation B.A. examination.

In 1908 he proceeded to Sringeri Math in Mysore to lay himself at the feet of Jagadguru Shankaracharya Maharaj Shri Satchidananda Shivabhinava Nrisimha Bharati Swami. there he was offered the post of the first Principal of the newly started National college at Rajmahendri.  At the age of twenty seven (27) years he studied advanced Vedanta philosophy for eight years from 1911 to 1919 and practised Brahma-Sadhana at the feed of Shri Nrisimha Bharati swami.

In 1919 he was initiated into the holy order of Sannyasa at Varanasi by H.H. Jagadguru Shankaracharya Shri Trivikrama Tirthaji Maharaja of Sharadapeetha and was given the new name, Swami Bharati Krishna tirtha. Three years later in 1921 he was throned as the Shankaracharya of Sharada peetha. In 1925 he shifted to puri when he was installed as Jagadguru Shankaracharya of the Govardhan math. In 1953 he founded in institution named "SHRI VISHWA PUNRNIRMANA SANGHA"  (World Reconstruction Association) in Nagpur, with Shri Chimanlal Ttrivedi as the general secretary.

It was during his deep meditation retreats between the year 1911 to 1919 in the Shringeri forest he became aware of the sixteen sutras later he associated them with vedic mathematics.

From 1911-1918 Bharati Krishnaji practiced deep meditation and studied metaphysics and Vedas which led him to practice an arduous life of a Sadhu (saint). He was leading a purely saintly life living on roots and fruits. His life was continuous "Sadhana" (meditation) and he devoted himself to the study of Vedanta and resorted to the forest for deep meditation and spiritual attainments.

In his solitude he discerned the "Ganita-Sutras" or easy Mathematical Formulas on which he compiled the monumental work "Vedic Mathematics" an original contribution in the field of Mathematics and Research. Bharati Krishnaji got the key to Ganita Sutra coded in the Atharva Veda and rediscovered Vedic Maths with the help of lexicographs .

He found "Sixteen Sutras" or word formulas which cover all the branches of Mathematics – Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry, Physics, plan and spherical geometry, conics, calculus- both differential and integral, applied mathematics of all various kinds, dynamics, hydrostatics and all.

Due to some undisclosed reasons Bharati Krishna Tirthaji borrowed a large sum of money from Shri Manilal Desai, a money lender and devotee of Dakor. As a security against borrowed amount Bharati Krishna Tirthaji pledged his manuscript note books which he packed away safely in few tin trunk boxes and left in the care of Shri Manilal Desai. He was not able to repay the amount owed until 1955 or so. By then the boxes had fallen under the charge of Shri Laxminarayan, the son of Shri Manilal Desai. He transported those manuscripts from Dakor to his residence at Asarva in Ahmadabad. Shri Laxminarayan sold those manuscript to a German scholar with a large amount of money (at 50 dollar per manuscript as said by the present guru, the 145th Shankaracharya of Govardhan math.)

After the confirmation of the loss of the manuscripts of VM most likely sometime in 1956, Bharati Krishna tirthaji was requested by his ardent devotees to rewrite them. On their request, in 1957, in his old age and ill health with weak eyesight (cataract) he wrote the presently available book. Vedic mathematics. In 1958 the type script of Vedic mathematics was left in US. For publication.

Bharati Krishna Tirthaji attained Mahasamadhi On 2nd February 1960 and five years after his book Vedic mathematics was published.

He inspired many people across the world. : https://vedicmathsindia.org/


--
कथा : विवेकानन्द केन्द्र { Katha : Vivekananda Kendra }
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read n Get Articles, Magazines, Books @ http://prakashan.vivekanandakendra.org

Let's work on "Swamiji's Vision - Eknathji's Mission"

Follow Vivekananda Kendra on   blog   twitter   g+   facebook   rss   delicious   youtube   Donate Online

मुक्तसंग्ङोऽनहंवादी धृत्युत्साहसमन्वित:।
सिद्ध‌‌यसिद्धयोर्निर्विकार: कर्ता सात्त्विक उच्यते ॥१८.२६॥

Freed from attachment, non-egoistic, endowed with courage and enthusiasm and unperturbed by success or failure, the worker is known as a pure (Sattvika) one. Four outstanding and essential qualities of a worker. - Bhagwad Gita : XVIII-26

Monday, 21 February 2022

Swaraj Amrit Mahotsav : Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar: A Pensive Pioneer of Indian Science and Technology

Sir Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar – The Great Indian Scientist who is known as "The Father of Science and Technology in India"
Shanti-Swaroop-Bhatnagar-Biography-Inspirer-Today-Be-An-InspirerSir Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar

Quick Facts

  • Name: Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar
  • Also Known As: The Father of Research Laboratories
  • Famous As: Professor, Scientist 
  • Nationality: Indian
  • Birth Date: 21 February 1894
  • Birth Place: Bhera, Shahpur District, British India (now in Pakistan)
  • Died On: 1 January 1955 (aged 60)
  • Awards: Order of the British Empire (1936), Knight Bachelor (1941), Fellow of the Royal Society (1943), Padma Bhushan (1954)
Sir Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar was a renowned Indian scientist and a professor of chemistry for over two decades. He was the first director-general of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), and he is revered as the "Father of research laboratories".

He was also the first Chairman of the University Grants Commission (UGC). To honour his contributions, CSIR instituted the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, since 1958 for outstanding scientists of India.

Sir Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar was born on 21 February 1894, in Bhera, Punjab region of British India, which is now in Pakistan. His father, Parmeshwari Sahai Bhatnagar, died when he was just a few months old.

He was brought up in his maternal grandfather's house, who was an engineer, and an inspiration for young Shanti Swaroop, who developed an interest in engineering and science from an early age. He had his elementary education at the Dayanand Anglo-Vedic High School, Sikandrabad.

In 1911, he joined the Dayal Singh College, Lahore, where he also took interest in dramatics and also wrote one-act plays. In 1913, he passed the Intermediate Examination of the Punjab University, and joined the Forman Christian College from where he did his BSc in physics in 1916, and MSc in Chemistry in 1919.

Education and Research Work
Bhatnagar got a scholarship from Dayal Singh College Trust to study abroad. He left for America via England, but in England he was not able to sail to America as all ships were reserved for American troops in the wake of the First World War.

He was permitted to join the University College London. In 1921, he earned his DSc. While in London, he was also awarded the British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research fellowship.

In August 1921, he returned to India and joined the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) as a professor of chemistry. He worked for three years. Then he moved to Lahore as Professor of Physical Chemistry and Director of University Chemical Laboratories of the University of the Punjab. This was the most active period of his life in original scientific work.

His research interests included emulsions, colloids and industrial chemistry. His research works were in the field of magneto-chemistry, the use of magnetism for the study of chemical reactions.

In 1928, he and K.N. Mathur jointly invented the Bhatnagar-Mathur Magnetic Interference Balance. At that time this was one of the most sensitive instruments for measuring magnetic properties.

In 1931, it was exhibited at the Royal Society and later marketed by Messers Adam Hilger and Co, London.

Professional Achievements
Bhatnagar was a university professor for 19 years, from 1921 to 1940; first at the Banaras Hindu University and later then at the Punjab University. He had a reputation as a very inspiring teacher.

Bhatnagar's first industrial solution was to develop the process for converting bagasse (used sugarcane) into food-cake for cattle. He also solved industrial problems for Delhi Cloth & General Mills, J.K. Mills Ltd., Tata Oil Mills Ltd. and many more.

One of his major innovation was improving the procedure for drilling crude oil which was done for Steel Brothers & Co. Ltd. of London. The company offered Bhatnagar a sum of Rs. 150,000 for research work through the university and it was used to establish the Department of Petroleum Research. This helped research related to petroleum product and process.

Contributions to Industrial Research in India
In 1940, the Board of Scientific and Industrial Research (BSIR) was formed by the Government of India and Bhatnagar was appointed as the Director.

In 1942, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) was constituted as an autonomous body. In 1943, the proposal mooted by Bhatnagar to establish five national laboratories was approved. These included National Chemical Laboratory, National Physical Laboratory, Fuel Research Station; which were set up to mark the beginning of scientific laboratories in India.

At CSIR, he also mentored a number of promising young scientists of the time. Bhatnagar along with Homi Jehangir Bhabha, Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, Vikram Sarabhai and others, helped in building India's post-independence science and technology infrastructure.

After India's independence, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) was set up under the chairmanship of Dr. Bhatnagar. He became its first Director-General.

He established a total of twelve national laboratories which include the Central Food Processing Technological Institute, Mysore; the National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur; the Central Fuel Institute, Dhanbad, to name a few.

He also served as the Secretary of the Ministry of Education and Educational Adviser to the government. He played an instrumental role in the establishment of the National Research Development Corporation (NRDC) of India.

Honours and Recognitions
Bhatnagar was appointed as an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1936, for his contributions to pure and applied chemistry.

He was knighted with the title "Sir", in 1941 for his contributions to the advancement of science.

In 1943, the Society of Chemical Industry, London, elected him as Honorary Member and later as Vice President.

Bhatnagar was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1943.

Post-independence in India, he became the President of the Indian Chemical Society, National Institute of Sciences of India and the Indian National Science Congress.

He was awarded Padma Bhushan by the Government of India in 1954.

Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology was instituted in his honour, which is the most prestigious award for science in India.

--
कथा : विवेकानन्द केन्द्र { Katha : Vivekananda Kendra }
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read n Get Articles, Magazines, Books @ http://prakashan.vivekanandakendra.org

Let's work on "Swamiji's Vision - Eknathji's Mission"

Follow Vivekananda Kendra on   blog   twitter   g+   facebook   rss   delicious   youtube   Donate Online

मुक्तसंग्ङोऽनहंवादी धृत्युत्साहसमन्वित:।
सिद्ध‌‌यसिद्धयोर्निर्विकार: कर्ता सात्त्विक उच्यते ॥१८.२६॥

Freed from attachment, non-egoistic, endowed with courage and enthusiasm and unperturbed by success or failure, the worker is known as a pure (Sattvika) one. Four outstanding and essential qualities of a worker. - Bhagwad Gita : XVIII-26

Saturday, 29 January 2022

Swaraj Amrit Mahotsav : Yugacharya Swami Pranavananda

Yugacharya Swami Pranavananda : (29 January 1896 – 8 February 1941)

The advent of His Holiness, Acharya Srimat Swami Pranavananda ji Maharaj was in 1896, in the village Bajitpur (Bangladesh) of undivided India. 'BINOD', as was called in his childhood days, was often found to be immersed in serious thoughts that culminated into deep meditation, aimed at 'Self Emancipation' and 'Upliftment of Human Beings', through spiritual development and selfless Services. As a brahmachari, he spent countless hours in meditation, spiritual trances and Seva (service to people).

He was born on 29 January 1896, the auspicious day of Maghi Purnima (16th Magha, 1302), in Bajitpur, a village in Faridpur District in undivided India (presently in Bangladesh). His parents Vishnu Charan Bhuia and Saradadevi were very pious and blessed by Lord Shiva to have a son for the mitigation of human suffering and universal emancipation. He was affectionately named Jaynath by his father at birth and later in his boyhood he was called Binode. Binode showed uncommon philosophical inclinations since childhood and often could be seen in deep contemplation at the village school. He was popular with the children of the locality because of his helpful nature.

The divine boy Vinod, as he was named, possessed by birth the nature of Shiva,– always calm and quiet, having little care for food or play. The meditative nature grew deeper as the boy became older; so much so that he could not properly attend his studies in school. At home also he would often pass whole night, unconscious of outside world, waking up only in the morning when someone knocked at the door.

Thus went on his deep meditation and severe "Brahmacharya Sadhna," till at last his diet became a handful of cooked rice and a few boiled potatoes and sleep was reduced to an hour only. Later on, he totally left off sleep for six long years at a stretch. At that time he would pass the whole night on the altar of penance in the cremation ground in meditation and spiritual trance.

He became the disciple of Baba Gambhiranathji and eventually attained the Divine Power, which illuminated His life. Those who wounded him were also endued with the same. Gradually, many people influenced by the ideologies of the Acharya, continued to extend and hold aloft His banner "BHARAT SEVASHRAM SANGHA", (the Ashram founded in 1917) as His disciples, (irrespective of caste, colour or religion). The Sangha is dedicated for the all round well being of people indulged in raising them to the Level of Divine Standard.

In those days of Indian Independence Movement, He was the source of inspiration to the Revolutionaries and personally took up people and goaded them to adopt selfless services in Natural Calamities. He was the torch-bearer to set up Village Level Industries, like Handloom and even introduced Dhekis (Indigenous Rice Hauler- manually operated) at all households. In these ways, He soughed out various ways of Income Generation Programmes to make the people living below the poverty line, such as the tribals to stand on their own feet.

Sangha's multifarious services provided all-around being well fortified with that blessings in the field of medical & educational services, relief and rehabilitation programmes, rural upliftment, social welfare, Tribal improvement, removal of un-touchability, cultural awakening, spiritual regeneration, youth's welI-being, physical culture and cult of heroism. Sangha today is on the vastly move with its divine mission spread all over the country and many a places in England, America, Canada, Guyana, Trinidad, Bangladesh, Nepal, Fiji etc. irrespective of caste, creed, colour, race, religion and nationality.

In his childhood and youth he has seen and experienced the condition of poor and illiterate people. He noticed that no person or organisation, even the then government has come forward to help suffering people during flood, famine or epidemic. He was aghast to see the weakness, timidity, selfishness and lethargy among the majority. There was no unity or fellow-feeling, the educated and rich used to avoid the poor people. The society was fractured due to in-fight based on caste, creed, community and religion. They were physically, mentally, morally and spiritually weak and unable to defend themselves and their friends and family members in case of need. They were always under fear of oppression from other communities and the foreign ruler. The political situation was against them. Later in his life he personally experienced the rude and arrogant behaviour of self-vested persons at major religious centres. He has seen thousands of people dying for non-availability of medical support, health-care and food. He found no one is caring the poor and neglected people and left them at the mercy of God and evil elements in society.
--
कथा : विवेकानन्द केन्द्र { Katha : Vivekananda Kendra }
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read n Get Articles, Magazines, Books @ http://prakashan.vivekanandakendra.org

Let's work on "Swamiji's Vision - Eknathji's Mission"

Follow Vivekananda Kendra on   blog   twitter   g+   facebook   rss   delicious   youtube   Donate Online

मुक्तसंग्ङोऽनहंवादी धृत्युत्साहसमन्वित:।
सिद्ध‌‌यसिद्धयोर्निर्विकार: कर्ता सात्त्विक उच्यते ॥१८.२६॥

Freed from attachment, non-egoistic, endowed with courage and enthusiasm and unperturbed by success or failure, the worker is known as a pure (Sattvika) one. Four outstanding and essential qualities of a worker. - Bhagwad Gita : XVIII-26