Tuesday, 28 May 2019

Homage to Swatantryaveer Savarkar

जयोऽस्तु ते
जयोऽस्तु ते! जयोऽस्तु ते!
श्री महन्मंगले शिवास्पदे शुभदे
स्वतंत्रते भगवती त्वामहम् यशोयुतां वंदे!
राष्ट्राचें चैतन्य मूर्त तूं नीती संपदांची
स्वतन्त्रते भगवती श्रीमती राज्ञी तूं त्यांची
परवशतेच्या नभांत तूंचि आकाशीं होशी
स्वतन्त्रते भगवती चांदणी चमचम-लखलखशी
गालावरच्या कुसुमीं किंवा कुसुमांच्या गालीं
स्वतन्त्रते भगवती तूंच जी विलसतसे लाली
तुं सूर्याचें तेज उदधिचें गांभीर्यहिं तूंचि
स्वतन्त्रते भगवती अन्यथा ग्रहणनष्टतेची
मोक्ष-मुक्ति हीं तुझींच रूपें तुलाच वेदांतीं
स्वतन्त्रते भगवती योगिजन परब्रह्म वदती
जें जें उत्तम उदात्त उन्नत महन्मधुर तें तें
स्वतन्त्रते भगवती सर्व तव सहकारी होती
हे अधमरक्तरञ्जिते सुजनपूजिते श्री स्वतन्त्रते
तुजसाठि मरण तें जनन
तुजवीण जनन तें मरण
तुज सकल-चराचर-शरण चराचर-शरण

-स्वातंत्रवीर सावरक(28 May 1883 - 26 February 1966)


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Friday, 8 March 2019

Chhatrapati Shivaji - 17

Strength did not rally round ! Inspired idea won the round !

Shivaji readied for fight. He rose with a special mantra suggested by Sahyadri. Which one? Guerrilla strategy. Fateh Khan camped towards northeast of fort Purandar near Belsar town. He made a stormy attack on Shirval's fort Subhanmangal to the south of the fort and won. Saffron flag took flight. A tremendous blow on a most sensitive spot! One fort gone!

Shivaji reached Purandar. He left Kavji Malhar with a posse of Mavalas on fort Subhnmangal. He heavily battered the fort and Badshah's fort commander Balaji Haibatrao got killed. Others scattered helter and skelter. Fort was won. Once again saffron flag flew. Win, Win! This victory encouraged Marathas. Now it was Fateh Khan's turn. Decision was taken to attack and take on. Suddenly, secretively.

Raje made a terrible guerrilla attack on Khan's camp itself. Many were massacred and before Khan could recover and get his bearings, everyone ran towards Purandar. Khan was livid because of this attack and the defeat at fort Subhnmangal. The very next day he attacked Purandar. But Raje's troops hurled huge rocks from the fort. These rocks flustered Khan's soldiers so much that they started running. Immediately Raje descended on Shah's troops. Khan was badly crushed. He scurried away to Vijapur. Fantastic victory. (Mid august 1648)

Then Shivaji extended friendship to Delhi durbar to bring pressure on Vijapur's Badshah. This too was a guerrilla tactic. Now if Shahaji were not released, Delhi's military rage would result. Difficult proposition. Realising this Adil Shah released Shahjiraje. (16th May 1648) This was a full moon day. The threat to Swarajya and Shahji's life was averted by Shivaji's intelligent and strong guerrilla strategy. Jijau learnt of this happy information on Rajgad. She was delighted.


To be continue......


Thursday, 7 March 2019

Chhatrapati Shivaji - 15

So you care for your husband? Come on ahead and plead!

Caught and arrested by deception, Shahaji was sent to Vijapur like a common thief or dacoit. Afzalkhan was given the task of taking him. Happy with Raje's arrest, Badshah was sure that the rebel Shivaji would definitely surrender. He immediately despatched Fateh Khan with an army to Pune. To stamp out the rebellion and also to arrest Shivajiraje. Khan had with him five to seven thousand troops. He left to conquer Swarajya. (End of July 1648)

Completely engrossed in making new ambitious plans, Shivajiraje and Jijau had absolutely no inkling of this horrible disaster. Reports of Shahaji's arrest and Khan's advance followed one after the other like bolts of lighting. Enter Rajgad shook with this news. Adilshah had snatched Jijau's lord! And second noose was thrown to kill everyone including Swarajya. As if Badshah had thrown a question to Jijau, "State what do you want! Your husband or sovereignty? And demanded from Shivaji the same answer, "Speak! You want your father or sovereignty?"

What now? Whom to save? Revered father or Swarajya? Only surrendering at Badshah's feet can save Father! Otherwise death to all! Whom to save and whom to let die? Both are equally precious, and revered. What a Solution! What an utter disaster. Adilshah's this poser shocked all ambitions, all intelligence, strength, all plans, oaths and politics. Afzal Khan carted Shahji towards Vijapur. At the same time Fateh Khan advanced towards Swarayjya like an emissary of death. What to do? Worry smouldered like a funeral pyre. Now plea, appeals, requests, and shouts were directed to the original power, Goddess Bhavani! Impart strength, provide inspiration, grant some mantra, suggest some technique, give power. Rise, rise!


To be continue......


Wednesday, 6 March 2019

Chhatrapati Shivaji - 15

Alas ! Deception and treason ! Hands bound firmly in chains!

Shahji was highly respected by people in the south. Generals Afzalkhan and Lahumanji Jyoti constantly complained that Shahji does not put in proper work for the Badshah and is in fact harmful! Thus Vijapur durbar fumed against Bhonsale father and son. Shah  made a shrewd plan to deceitfully arrest Shahji in secrecy. He was convinced that when Shahaji was thus caught in the net, that rebel Shivaji would have no alternative but to surrender unconditionally to sae his father's skin. The plan was clever. And clandestine. This task was given to the commander in chief, Mustafakhan. He really hated teh Bhonsales from the bottom of his heart. Taking about fifteen thousand troops with him, khan started marching for Jinji from Vijapur(17 Jan 1648). This plot of arresting Shahaji by trickery was kept strictly under wraps. Shahajiraje was comping near Jinji with his soldiers. Venkat Naik was to begin the campaign to win the fort Jinji. RAje thought that chief was coming for help.

Mustafakhan arrived. Raje was on guard, as he knew Khan's cunning nature. Khan and Raje met. Outwardly friendly and something else within the heart. Khan couldn't get an opportunity to strike. Raje was ever watchful. So Khan started sweet-talking, presented valuable gifts, established trust, and tried many ways to make him lose his guard. A few months passed in this charade. Raje was watchful. One day Raje laughingly said to Khan, "Treacherous folks show great love before the deception!" Khan was shocked and for moment got flustered, but he quickly added, "I swear on my dear Atishkhan. I will never decive you." Khan ordered Bajiraje Ghorpaade to attack Shahaji. He did. Raje lost consciousness. Bajirao put handcuffs on him them and there. (25th July 1648).


To be continue......


Tuesday, 5 March 2019

Chhatrapati Shivaji - 14

 Win the world; urge the drums ! Take steps like Trivikram's !

The news of Shivaji's adventures reached Vijaypur. Carried by the fort commander of Shubanmangal, Miyan Rahim Muhammad. Entire Vijaypur was  astonished by the reports of Raje's rebellion. Sultan Adil Shah first could not believe it. Rebellion against the mighty Adil Shah rule? That also by a fresh kid? What guts? Impossible. Like butterflies attacking a cannon. However  as a first solution, Sultan sent threatening edicts to the revolutionaries, but nobody paid any attention to these royal commands. Shivaji was bent upon creating Swarajya. It was ordained such a sovereign should be created.

Suddenly there was a tragedy. Dadoji Konddeo was expired due to old age. Expert politician, planner, strict disciplinarian, stern but loving  old man left for his heavenly abode. Raje's support went. (7 march 1647) Entire responsibility fell on Raje's shoulders.

Within a few days Raje pointed a finger to Fort Kondana. He gave the responsibility of capturing Kondana  to Bapuji Mudgal. Shah's fort commander ,Siddi Amber , manned the fort. Bapuji managed to win the fort by subterfuge, without spilling a single drop of blood. Immediately Raje pounced on Shirval's fort Shubhanmangal. The fort was captured. Miyan Rahim Muhammad lost the fort and went to Vijaypur empty handed. Meanwhile jawli's Daulatrao Chandrarao More died. He was royal general of Viajypur durbar. He died without a heir. Shivaji of his own accord one Yeshwant More the widow's  adopted son and declared him Jawli's,' Chandrarao'. All these events were shockingly scandalous to Badshah. He felt that this fire definitely needs dousing, Wit this firm decision; he made a diabolic plan. To imprison Shahjiraje!

Raje was engrossed in his activities. But a sinister disaster loomed.

To be continue......


Chhatrapati Shivaji - 14

 Win the world; urge the drums ! Take steps like Trivikram's !

The news of Shivaji's adventures reached Vijaypur. Carried by the fort commander of Shubanmangal, Miyan Rahim Muhammad. Entire Vijaypur was  astonished by the reports of Raje's rebellion. Sultan Adil Shah first could not believe it. Rebellion against the mighty Adil Shah rule? That also by a fresh kid? What guts? Impossible. Like butterflies attacking a cannon. However  as a first solution, Sultan sent threatening edicts to the revolutionaries, but nobody paid any attention to these royal commands. Shivaji was bent upon creating Swarajya. It was ordained such a sovereign should be created.

Suddenly there was a tragedy. Dadoji Konddeo was expired due to old age. Expert politician, planner, strict disciplinarian, stern but loving  old man left for his heavenly abode. Raje's support went. (7 march 1647) Entire responsibility fell on Raje's shoulders.

Within a few days Raje pointed a finger to Fort Kondana. He gave the responsibility of capturing Kondana  to Bapuji Mudgal. Shah's fort commander ,Siddi Amber , manned the fort. Bapuji managed to win the fort by subterfuge, without spilling a single drop of blood. Immediately Raje pounced on Shirval's fort Shubhanmangal. The fort was captured. Miyan Rahim Muhammad lost the fort and went to Vijaypur empty handed. Meanwhile jawli's Daulatrao Chandrarao More died. He was royal general of Viajypur durbar. He died without a heir. Shivaji of his own accord one Yeshwant More the widow's  adopted son and declared him Jawli's,' Chandrarao'. All these events were shockingly scandalous to Badshah. He felt that this fire definitely needs dousing, Wit this firm decision; he made a diabolic plan. To imprison Shahjiraje!

Raje was engrossed in his activities. But a sinister disaster loomed.

To be continue......


Monday, 4 March 2019

Chhatrapati Shivaji - 13

Grand Style and Smart bearing! Has Rajgad the macho fort king!

Shivaji and all his cronies were eager to make he first strike on Sultan's reign. Oaths were taken. Only Shivaji's signal was awaited. This signal was as dangerous as holding a lighted torch to an ammunition store. It was a risky venture. Revolt against a powerful emperor. However Raje was supremely confident. Exact estimate and accurate thought was alert and crouching in his mind. This signal had the backing of prayers to Lord Shiva. And of Krsna's philosophy. His just one gesture would have awakened the sleeping volcano in Sahyadri.

And one day RAje gave the signal. Lord Shia in Maval rose holding trident. Power goddess emerged carrying hundreds of weapons. Bursting the anthill of three and a half centuries, breaking manacles, and wiping out false ideas of loyalty, this Indra's elephant emerged giving victory shouts. The Earth and the sky were witnessing a surprising miracle. A revolt on the signal of a kid! This storm advanced to fort Torana. Maval troops reached behind Shivaji. The Maratha sovereign flag started flying on Torana. This huge fort neglected by the Badshah fell into Shivaji's palms. While setting up the fort Raje came upon a huge cache of riches. Goddess Bhavani's blessings.

And everybody's aspirations took wings. In the northest of the fort at 3 kos was mount Murumbdeo. A new strong fort was proposed there. each moment was aupicious.Construction of the fort commenced. The capital of sovereign state was to be made here... Rajgad.

Ambition knows no rest. Raje and his colleagues worked tirelessly to strength the freedom. What enthusiasm. What determination. Even Vishwamitra, the creator of world would be astonished. Yesterday's boys were ready to turn the hands of time in any direction they chose.(May 1646)


To be continue......


Sunday, 3 March 2019

Chhatrapati Shivaji - 12

The conch is blown, wedding regalia worn! Fort Torana is waiting like a bridegroom!

A naturally invincible geographical region like Sahyadri is rare. With towering peaks, horrifying gorges, and invincible fort-citadels this region had fallen into slavery only due to negligent and stupid Yadav kings. The Sahyadri sought a brilliant revolutionary. The forts situated on the might arms of Sahyadri suffered miserably under Sultan's rule. As if they were calling out to the youth, "Wake up and Fight. Put the crown of freedom on my head. Climb my arms. Hide in my heart. Fight from behind my ears. Victory will definitely be yours. We will be free!"

Fort Torana was one impenetrable fort in the invincible Sahyadri. This fort waited patiently with Dhruva's firm resolve and Ahalya's devotion for revolution. In Velhe province of Pune district. This tough fort is in Pune's south-west direction in Kanad basin ten miles as the crow files. Torana is strong. Toran's wealth is huge precipices and great canyons reaching deep into the netherlands. Only breeze would have guts to climb this fort. Only water would have the heart to descend. The Budhala post of this fort is in attach stance like a buffalo. The pinnacle of the fort seemed unconquerable even to wind. There is a narrow, just spanning four fingers, track to go there. Underneath is a sheer valley.

Such a fort Torana and many such forts had gone under Sultan's heels. Not one or two, but three hundred and fifty year of slavery. The sun and the Moon rose and set in darkness. Actually this mountainous strange land was fit to be ruled by Marathas and tigers. But the entire Maval region bowed to Sultans for generations together. Without anger. Minds were dead. Only living corpses remained. Goddess Bhavani of fort Torana killed demon Mahishasur. Raje waited for an opportunity to capture Torana.

To be continue......


Saturday, 2 March 2019

Chhatrapati Shivaji - 11

Today's Dream, tomorrow's reality! Dreams with wings of ability!

Shivaji turned ten. This was marriageable age at that time. Jijau fixed Raje's wedding. The girl was very sweet natured and of attractive looks. She was the daughter of Phaltan's Naik-nimbalkar. Her name was Saibai. Marriage was solemnised on 16th May 1640. Soon Rajes left for Bangalore to meet Shahajiraje.

By this time the profile of Pune Jehagir was greatly transformed. This was probably the glorious dream of freedom of the Maval land and Sahyadri. People experienced freedom in this small Jehagir. Jijau, Shivaji and Dadoji Konddeo arrived in Bangalore. Sahaji was overwhelmed with happiness and appreciation. During this journey Shivaji became better acquainted with the condition of the country, the people and the region of Sultans. The experience in Vijapur filled his heart with loathing. Every moment just one sentiment kept blooming in this mind...Freedom! Enough, we no more want to stay in Sultan's slavery. Our country, our flag, our leader, our troops, and we would hold our heads high. We would creat a self-rule of dharma, hard-working people, and culture. This idea took hold of Raje completely. Even Shahajiraje realised that this Sun's luminance could not be hidden in darkness.He bid Jijau and Raje to proceed to Pune, and gave them his blessings. The returned after two years(1642).

And dreams of freedom were seen amongst friends from Maval, in valleys, temples, and forests. While playing, studying, visiting temples, in fact all the time Raje and his companions were obsessed with one thought.....freedom, good reign, and good dharma. The volcanic-born Sahyadri was waiting for this pious uprising by Shivaji. He was very keen to get immersed in the red colour of freedom. Shivaji's dreams and strategies were forming the Sahyadri's heart. Shivaji worshipped Sayhyadri. Really, Sahyadri had volunteered to accept the command of Raje's future war.

To be continue......


Friday, 1 March 2019

Chhatrapati Shivaji - 10

Nurtured  by mother and Natured ! Shivaji acquires royal stature!

Shivaji was growing under  Jijau's loving wings in Lalmahal and Dadoji's tutelage  in the  valleys and cliffs of Maval land, learning ,playing . The Sahyadri around whispered thoughts of complete freedom in Shivaji ears. Baji  pasalkar ,Mankoji  Dahtonde ,Bapuji Narhekar and such senior swordsmen trained him and armed him. He was equally interested in the red earth of the gymnasia,horse riding pastures ,ground s of weaponry  and strategic meetings and discussions. He became expert in weapons .  In the Lalmahal and in temples he would get engrossed in listings to epics and mythology ,politics and justice ,sciences and sayings.On the ground he would get fully engrossed in the horse riding ,spear throwing ,sword welding,aiming ,running, long jumping, playing hide and seek  in difficult mountainous terrain. Sometimes would mount  an elephant. His  mind and body was getting ready.  He became very fond  of people and the terrain of Maval. He loved  them.

Raje treated everyone with love. His behaviour was playful. But his dignity never slipped.He remembered  recognised  everyone he came in contact. He greeted everyone fondly. Everyone loved him. Everyone felt that Raje belonged  to him. Scared   and fed up of Sultan's tyranny  the Maval folks starting bonding to Shivaji with love. Minds started  becoming one.

In the company of Dadoji Konndeo,Sono Viswanath Dabir , Balkrishanpant Mujumdar and Jijau, Raje started understanding  the intricacies of politics. In the cunning machinations of  Sultan, simpletons did not  survive and would never  survive . Raje understood this. Cunning Shaukins  survived but  Dharamraj  of righteous conduct was defeated. Astute Krsna was needed .He fully understood the loyal and hard-working poor peoples mentality. Their love was his  strength.

To be continue......


Thursday, 28 February 2019

Chhatrapati Shivaji - 8

Pune nails have the power of plough! And ploughs have the piety of gold!

Pune, once ruined by Adilshah's troops, and its surroundings region turned fortunate. Jijua started work with great enthusiasm. This small Jehagir started functioning under Shivaji's banner. Dadoji Konddeo was always there to help her. They gave heart to people to once again set up heaven in this barren land. They helped people every which way to enhance farming. Hulls, bulls, wells, seeds....whatever was required was available to all needy farmers. Nobody was given cash money, as farmers spend cash for anything. Farmers were made self-sufficient. Men started working with zeal and challenge. All this was begun with great fanfare in Pune. One hull was fitted with golden plough and Pune's earth was tilled four steps. A golden plough run by Bhonsale mother and son was tremendous encouragement to the farmers. Earlier the Sultan had ploughed destruction, now farmers ploughed for prosperity. No farmer would now be hungry. Put your minds to earth. Pearls would grow.

Puneites themselves took care of horrible disturbance of tigers, foxes, and such wild animals. Beautiful small dams were getting ready. Jijau herself started dispensing justice. Absolutely unbiased. Robbers and dacoits troubles lessened. Towns were set up. Fields flourished. Farmers earlier hungry and kicked by shah's army now came under Shivaji's benevolence and happily laboured and ate full meals. Temples shone calmly in lamplight. Mothers and daughters in households, cattle in shades, and fields and farms lived free of fear. Everybody came to realise Raje's noble mission, future freedom. Pune Jehagir was a small gift handed over to Shivaji, but this small gift was nurtured and flourished under the enthusiastic support of everybody. To nourish a kingdom and a family, to embellish it one needs enthusiasm. One who is not enthusiastic should not rule or start a family!


To be continue......


Wednesday, 27 February 2019

Chhatrapati Shivaji - 8

Light the fire, will shine when lit!

Shivaji was already being trained in marksmanship and use of other small and big arms. Sharp intellect and eagerness to learn made him master everything very quickly. He was also taught reading and writing. He was slowly getting accustomed to physical exercises. He could jump like a deer with ease.

More than all this was one skill he knew instinctively. The art of knowing and winning people over. He spoke sweetly. And treated others lovingly. So everyone thought that Shivaji was his own king. Minds were comming together like this. When two minds converge with one aim, then even mountains are split. So what of arrogant enemy?

Raja worshipped his mother. Jijua was his whole life. Not keeping her word was like crossing the line of no return of him. But more than things like devotion, love, ethics his hand etched to draw his sword for demonic and Sultani attitude right from now.

To be continue......


Tuesday, 26 February 2019

Chhatrapati Shivaji - 7

Power gets kingdom! Ideas perform

Shivaji started growing up. He listened to the epics... Mahabharat, Ramayan and the Puranas. He understood Hanuman's Power and ingenuity and Shakuni's cunningness. Master archer Arjun and Dashratha's son Lord Ram sharpened their swords on Shivaji's heart. He could see the vsion of Guru Vishwamitra. He could also see the heads of Ravana flying in the sky and the the Vanar-Sena's victory of Lanka.

As a child Shivaji became fond of these epics. Later Brahmin scholar Keshavpundit Purohit gave discourses to Raja. Raja was nurtured on these epic works.

In these ancient books Raja saw the image of Sultan who kept the Marathas busy fighting amongst themselves to rule. His heart was captured by Goddess Ambika who vanquished the demon, Mahishasur. And Bhandasur conqueror Goddess Jagadamba. It was as if the forts imprisoned with Sultans chains were screaming,"Oh, Godess Jadamba, open the Gates!"

To be continue......


Monday, 25 February 2019

Chhatrapati Shivaji - 6

Great God Ganapati, salutations! God, let there be no obstructions!

Shahajiraje sent Jijau and Shivaji to Pune to administer the Pune Jehagir. Raje was then seven years old. (In the first quarter of 1637). There were two mansions in Pune built earlier by Malojiraje. But Adilshah's troops had ruined Pune in 1630. The emperor's army had wrought murder and mayhem. Pune was like a graveyard. Complete annihilation. Sultan had razed the once beautiful Pune to ashes.

Jijau came to such desolate Pune with the young King. To keep accounts of such a barren sector and to improve it, Dadoji Konddeo Malthankar had accomplanied her. The old man was very clever, devoted and disciplined. He was strict by nature but equally loving. Confronting the awful state of Pune, Jijau decided to change its pathetic condition. Dadoji was there to help. It was decided to make a begining. And what a coincidence! In Vinayakbhat Thakar's house, in a small alcove was God Ganapati's idol. He sat suffering, retreated in corner enduring heat and rains.Jijau heard this story and so she went to pay her respects to this Lord Ganesha. This then was the beginning. Jijau ordered Dadoji to build a temple of Ganapati. Really nice temple, paved with stones.

Dadoji began in real earnest. He soon got the Ganesh temple ready. Not only Jijau and Shivaji, but also entire Pune worshipped this deity. This is the famous Kasba Ganapati. It was as if the rebuilding of Pune began with the veneration of Ganapati. Jijau make excellent arrangements of Lord's service and daily worship. She made royal letters to hand over this responsibility to Vedic scholar Vinayakbhat Thakar and his family. Pious hymns and pleasant instruments started playing. And then families scattered in all directions due to the torture by Sultan's soldiers, and cows and calves came under the the soothing shade of the Lord Ganesha and Shivaji's red palace.....Lalmahal.


To be continue......


Sunday, 24 February 2019

Chhatrapati Shivaji - 5

Shivaji's Seal

King Shivaji's seal was prepared. Stamps readies. Decrees with this seal and stamp were sent from Pune's Lalmahal. The inscription was in Sanskrit. It had letters:

"Pratipachhandralekheva Vaardhishnuvishwawandita, Shahsunoh Shivsyaisha Mudra Bhadraya Rajate" - The seal of Shahaji's son Shivaji glows for people's benifit. Like the new moon, this seal, and consequently the power of this seal will go on increasing. And like the new moon is worshipped by people, similarly this seal too will be accepted by people."

The stamp too was modest. It had a saying, "Humility becomes." Here is a letter in Modi script in Marathi language issued with this seal and stamp. Here Shivaji commanded some officer in Indrapur sector to properly continue the income of one Sambhaji Bhonsale. He was trained in running of the kingdom right from a young age. This order is dated: 1 Sawwal Suhur Year 1047. (30th oct 1646)

The royal letters shone with Shiva's majestic seal. After a deep dark night of over three and a half centuries, a new moon finally rose in Maharstra. This seal had the pride of freedom. The ambition of victorious acquisitions. There was confidence, of the evil-slaying Goddess Bhavani. This royal seal pleasantly smiling conferred courage to kith and kin and promised security. The leonine seal with flaming eyes breathed fire and roared warnings to enemies.

Raje always revered Sanskrit language right from the beginning. In fact later he kept learned Sanskrit pundits in his durbar. Amongst these were great poet Paramananda, Keshav Purohit, Dhundiraj Vyas, Umaji Pundit. Sanskrit language is Bharat's integrity. And worshipping integrity was Shivaji's and his reign's mission.


To be continue......

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हमें कर्म की प्रतिष्ठा बढ़ानी होंगी। कर्म देवो भव: यह आज हमारा जीवन-सूत्र बनना चाहिए। - भगिनी निवेदिता {पथ और पाथेय : पृ. क्र.१९ }
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Saturday, 23 February 2019

Chhatrapati Shivaji - 4

Tuka Pleads Oh God How! Can you sleep? Rise Now!

Shivaji became very fond of Sahyadri. He roamed deep forests, mountains and valleys. He checked out defence and attack positions. He was surrounded by bosom buddies just like the surrounding mountain peaks. His strength increased. Intellect sharpened. Confidence grew.

Around this time the Maval land resonated with something more than the brooks and landslides of Sahyadri! Sait Tukaram's delightful abhangs. He explained the meaning of the real dharma obscured by slavery and ignorance. He lashed out at false religious diktats. He used simple, sweet and precise words to elucidate the Vedas. He would playfully tick off pundits who memorised mantras like parrots and negotiated while often acting against dharma, saying, "Only we know the meaning of the Vedas. Others just carry burdens no heads!"

People gathered. Heard abhangs and discourses. Somewhere in their  minds slowly awareness was dawning. Let the head crack; let the boday break, the chanting will not cease! Such devotion spread. A tradesman in a land of devotion waas describing the fruits of determination power. While parising God Vitthal, and good Dharma sometimes he protested about the evil deeds of the ruling Sultan directly to God Vitthal. He would complain, "Sits, on throne, tortures people, Tuka asks Oh God! Are you asleep, come running to rescue!" This cry was not just to awaken the God in the temple; it was also to awaken the souls of citizens. Saint Ramdas advocated Ram worship and Rudra worship. Community worship flourished. Tukaram and Ramdas both had 'Ram' in them. Many saints cultivated minds of people to inculcate good behaviour, noble thoughts and devotion. Samarth (Ramdas) promoted hard work. He said, "Work is God. Light is fire, it will flare. Everything is possible, first do it!"


To be continue......

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हमें कर्म की प्रतिष्ठा बढ़ानी होंगी। कर्म देवो भव: यह आज हमारा जीवन-सूत्र बनना चाहिए। - भगिनी निवेदिता {पथ और पाथेय : पृ. क्र.१९ }
Sister Nivedita 150th Birth Anniversary : http://www.sisternivedita.org
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Thursday, 21 February 2019

Chhatrapati Shivaji - 3

Mock kingdom and mock joy! Do these foretell Swarajya's Victories?

Shivaji was everybody's favriout as he was such a delightful baby. He would crawl about and his anklets would ring sweetly. He was playful and happy. He was healthy and fair. Slowly he started walking. And began running to chase his own shadow. On an auspicious day, Jijau introduced him to food. He took his first food intake from jijau's hands. Despite feeding on scrumptious fare, he was not fulfilled. He sneaked out taste mud.

Slowly Raje started growing up. Started playing with companions. He loved playing with earth. He would plaster his body with mud. He loved Mother earth right from childhood. He played hide-and-seek with his playmates on the fort. Ball and top were his favourite games. He got engrossed playing blind man's-buff. The palace reverberated with his shouts and laughter.

The Raje started enjoying battle games. he would pile up earth and call it a fort. Then the blockade of the fort would begin. Mock army would attack;siege and defence would begin. The skies boomed with war cries. Raje was engrossed in games of kingdom and kingdom of make-belive. He struggled to defend his mock forts. He would win new forts and hoist flags on them. These children's troops found the fort inadequate for their games.

Jijau watched these war games. Was she envisioning the attainment of these playoffs? Would today's butterflies turn into eagles tomorrow and conquer the skies?

At that time Shahhajiraje was vanquishing battlefields. For one Sultan or another. Marathi people defended Sultan's territories, expanded them, but why didnot they become sovereign kings themselves? Jijau could not solve this puzzle. Her eyes looked to Shivaji with hope.

To be continue......

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हमें कर्म की प्रतिष्ठा बढ़ानी होंगी। कर्म देवो भव: यह आज हमारा जीवन-सूत्र बनना चाहिए। - भगिनी निवेदिता {पथ और पाथेय : पृ. क्र.१९ }
Sister Nivedita 150th Birth Anniversary : http://www.sisternivedita.org
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Wednesday, 20 February 2019

Chhatrapati Shivaji - 2

Morning dawned, Shiv and Sun met! The east turned red like kumkum was spread!

Shivaji's cradle swung on. While rocking him, Jijau kept dreaming of his future riding, his crossing the boundaries. Ddreams are nurtured through upbrining. And upbringing starts with lullabies. Raje was growing in the cradle. The nursery room was dark. Jijau performed religious rites and bringing up rituals with great devotion. Bhonsale's family priest Malharbhat Arvikar was on the fort. So everything proceeded as required. Event the administrator did not let anything lack.

Shivajiraje still had not come out in sunlight from the dark room. First outing in sunlight is delightful ritual. The family priest chose an early morning time for this auspicious ceremony. That morning having bathed, anointed with black dot to ward of evil, dressed in brand new baby clothes, Shivajiraje was ready in Jijau's arms for a glimpse of the Sun. Carrying him, Jijau stepped from the dark room into sunlight. This was Raje's first foray across a boundary. From darkness to light. Sun rose in the east. Fort Shivneri was swathed in gorgeous gold. Holding the infant prince in sunlight, she showed him the Sun God. Shivaji watched the Sun.

Shivaji raje was three months old at this time. All religious and traditional rites were carried out in time, with care. However the greatest teacher was the mighty Sahyadri. Raje was not yet old enough to understand these teachings, every gust of wind blowing in from the vales of Sahyadri wispered radical ideas to Shivaji, to fight for freedom. Bhimashankar, Lenyadri, Jivdhan, Amaba-Abmbika peaks of encircled Shivneri. Shivneri was sitting in the locks of Bhimashankar and on the lips of Name ghats. Around the fort, Meena, Pushpawati, Kukdi Rivers gurgled. Lords Ganesha, Shiva, Kalbhairav, Goddes Ambika guarded Shivneri. On the fort itself, in the dark cave, shimmering in gentle lamplight was Goddess Shivai.

To be continue......

Tuesday, 19 February 2019

Chhatrapati Shivaji - 1

In my courtyard grows fragrant vine! In Shivai's sanctum echo sounds divine!

Today is Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti and Guru Ravidas Jayanti.

From today will see some stories from Shivaji's life.

Shivaji was born to Jijau at night. Revolution always takes birth at night. The sacred rituals of the first twelve days after birth were performed in totality. Shivneri fort was satiated. Right from the birth Shivaji developed a loving relationship with fort Shivneri. Infect Jijau named him Shivaji as he was born on Shivneri. Shivaji was her sixth son. She had fie sons before him. Four died in infancy. Sambhajiraje was blessed. He was seven years of age at that time. He had just got married. Shivneri's commander Shidhojirao's daughter Jayanti was Sambhaji's bride. This wedding too took place on Shivneri.

After Shivaji's birth his horoscope was made. His moon sign was Virgo and ascendant was Leo. After Shivaji's birth Shahajiraje learnt of this good news in his camp near Parinda. Shivaji's cradle went on rocking on Shivaneri. At the same time, Mughal emperor Shahjahan arrived at Burhanpur on a campaign of the south (1st March 1630). Hehad plans of completely routing the Nizam. Massive army and was material camped at Burhanpur. These southern campaigns had commenced right from the time of Akbar. Each and every emperor wished to rule entire Hindustan, from Lanka to Kashmir! But they never succeed. Mughals wanted to establish their own supremacy. At the same time Shivaji was filling up his cradle at fort Shivneri.

To be continue......


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The main theme of my life is to take the message of Sanatana Dharma to every home and pave the way for launching, in a big way, the man-making programme preached and envisaged by great seers like Swami Vivekananda. - Mananeeya Eknathji

विवेकानन्द केन्द्र कन्याकुमारी (Vivekananda Kendra Kanyakumari)
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read Article, Magazine, Book @ http://eshop.vivekanandakendra.org/e-granthalaya
Cell : +91-941-801-5995, Landline : +91-177-283-5995

. . . Are you Strong? Do you feel Strength? — for I know it is Truth alone that gives Strength. Strength is the medicine for the world's disease . . .
This is the great fact: "Strength is LIFE; Weakness is Death."
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Monday, 18 February 2019

A HYMN TO SHRI RAMAKRISHNA

Today is Thakur Sri Ramkrishna Jayanti. Here is the Hymn by Swami Vivekananda on Thakur Sri Ramkrishna.

(In Sanskrit)

आचण्डालाप्रतिहतरयो यस्य प्रेमप्रवाहः
लोकातीतोऽप्यहह न जहौ लोककल्याणमार्गम्।
त्रैलोक्येऽप्यप्रतिममहिमा जानकीप्राणबन्धो
भक्त्या ज्ञानं वृतबरवपुः सीतया यो हि रामः ॥१॥

1. He who was Shri Rama, whose stream of love flowed with resist less might even to the Chandâla (the outcaste); Oh, who ever was engaged in doing good to the world though superhuman by nature, whose renown there is none to equal in the three worlds, Sitâ's beloved, whose body of Knowledge Supreme was covered by devotion sweet in the form of Sita.

स्तब्धीकृत्य प्रलयकलितं वाहवोत्थं महान्तं
हित्वा रात्रिं प्रकृतिसहजामन्धतामिस्रमिश्राम्।
गीतं शान्तं मधुरमपि यः सिंहनादं जगर्ज
सोऽयं जातः प्रथितपुरुषो रामकृष्णस्त्विदानीम् ॥२॥

2. He who quelled the noise, terrible like that at the time of destruction, arising from the battle (of Kurukshetra), who destroyed the terrible yet natural night of ignorance (of Arjuna) and who roared out the Gita sweet and appeasing; That renowned soul is born now as Shri Ramakrishna.

नरदेव देव     जय जय नरदेव।
शक्तिसमुद्रसमुत्थतरङ्गं दर्शितप्रेमविजृम्भितरङ्गम्॥
संशयराक्षसनाशमहास्त्रं यामि गुरुं शरणं भववैद्यम्।
नरदेव देव     जय जय नरदेव ॥३॥

3. Hail, O Lord of Men! Victory unto You! I surrender myself to my Guru, the physician for the malady of Samsâra (relative existence) who is, as it were, a wave rising in the ocean of Shakti (Power), who has shown various sports of Love Divine, and who is the weapon to destroy the demon of doubt.

Hail, O Lord of Men! Victory unto You!

नरदेव देव     जय जय नरदेव।
अद्वयतत्त्वसमाहितचित्तं प्रोज्ज्वलभक्तिपटावृतवृत्तम्॥
कर्मकलेवरमद्भुतचेष्टं यामि गुरुं शरणं भववैद्यम्।
नरदेव देव     जय जय नरदेव ॥४॥

4. Hail, O Lord of Men! Victory unto you! I surrender myself to my Guru the Man-God, the physician for the malady of this Samsara (relative existence), whose mind ever dwelt on the non-dualistic Truth, whose personality was covered by the cloth of Supreme Devotion, who was ever active (for the good of humanity) and whose actions were all superhuman.

Hail, O Lord of Men! Victory unto You!


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The main theme of my life is to take the message of Sanatana Dharma to every home and pave the way for launching, in a big way, the man-making programme preached and envisaged by great seers like Swami Vivekananda. - Mananeeya Eknathji

विवेकानन्द केन्द्र कन्याकुमारी (Vivekananda Kendra Kanyakumari)
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read Article, Magazine, Book @ http://eshop.vivekanandakendra.org/e-granthalaya
Cell : +91-941-801-5995, Landline : +91-177-283-5995

. . . Are you Strong? Do you feel Strength? — for I know it is Truth alone that gives Strength. Strength is the medicine for the world's disease . . .
This is the great fact: "Strength is LIFE; Weakness is Death."
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Monday, 28 January 2019

Rai has been long described as 'a pillar of extremist nationalism in India' for his bravery in protesting against the British rule. Many universities and hospitals have been opened in India in his honour. to Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai was born to Munshi Radha Krishna Azad, a great scholar of Persian and Urdu, and his wife Gulab Devi, a strict religious lady on January 28, 1865, in Ferozpur, Punjab.

In 1886, when his family shifted to Hissar, Lala Lajpat Rai started practicing law. It was here that he set up the nationalistic Dayanand Anglo-Vedic school and turned into a follower of Dayanand Saraswati, who founded the Arya Samaj institution. Showing concern for self-help and enterprise in India, Rai helped found the Punjab National Bank in 1895, which is still trusted as an excellent banking option by innumerable Indians.    

Even before Gandhi and Nehru, Lala Lajpat Rai stressed self-reliance for Indians in the 1900 session of the National Congress. He was later one of the architects of the Swadeshi movement (now turned into Make-In-India) along with Mahatma Gandhi, Aurobindo Ghosh, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and others. There was also a postage stamp issued in India to honour Rai.

Rai toured Sikh communities along the West Coast in the USA and noted sociological similarities between the notion of 'color-caste' there and within castes in India. He also wrote this in his travelogue, The United States of America (1916). In 1920, upon his return from America, Rai was invited to preside over a special session of the Congress in Calcutta. These sessions were now a means for revolutionary Indians to decide their future course of action in trying to fight the British rule.

Lala Lajpat Rai participated actively in the non-cooperation movement against British rule, which was started mainly to oppose the Rowlatt Act. The Rowlatt Act was formed by the British so that they could jail any Indian who was threatening to cause damage to them through their protests. For showing bravery in opposing this new legislation, in Punjab, Lala Lajpat Rai was given the title of 'Punjab Kesari' (the lion of Punjab). He was a freedom fighter and leader, but Rai was also a noted author. 'History of the Arya Samaj', 'England's Debt to India: India, The Problems Of National Education In India', 'Swaraj and Social Change', 'The United States of America: A Hindu's impressions and a study', were some of the books he penned.

Lala Lajpat Rai launched a peaceful procession to boycott arrival of the Simon Commission in Lahore in 1928, which was sent to recommend constitutional reform in India under the British rule. However, then Superintendent of Police, Scott ordered a 'lathi-charge' at all the activists to stop them. The police hit Lala Lajpat Rai on the chest during this exchange and targeted him in particular. Unfortunately, the confrontation led to Rai's death. To take revenge, Bhagat Singh and his associates tried to assassinate Scott. Instead, they killed JP Saunders, an Assistant Superintendent of Police, mistaking him for Scott. Lala Lajpat Rai's death anniversary, 17 November, is one of the several days celebrated as Martyrs' Day in India.

He has been long described as 'a pillar of extremist nationalism in India' for his bravery in protesting against the British rule. Many universities and hospitals have been opened in India in his honour.



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The main theme of my life is to take the message of Sanatana Dharma to every home and pave the way for launching, in a big way, the man-making programme preached and envisaged by great seers like Swami Vivekananda. - Mananeeya Eknathji

विवेकानन्द केन्द्र कन्याकुमारी (Vivekananda Kendra Kanyakumari)
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read Article, Magazine, Book @ http://eshop.vivekanandakendra.org/e-granthalaya
Cell : +91-941-801-5995, Landline : +91-177-283-5995

. . . Are you Strong? Do you feel Strength? — for I know it is Truth alone that gives Strength. Strength is the medicine for the world's disease . . .
This is the great fact: "Strength is LIFE; Weakness is Death."
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Wednesday, 23 January 2019

Netaji subhaschandra bose jayanti

Speech at a military review of the Indian National Army, July 5, 1943

SOLDIERS of India's Army of Liberation!

Today is the proudest day of my life. Today it has pleased Providence to give me the unique privilege and honour of announcing to the whole world that India's Army of Liberation has come into being. This army has now been drawn up in military formation on the battlefield of Singapore, which was once the bulwark of the British Empire.

This is not only the Army that will emancipate India from the British yoke; it is also the Army that will hereafter create the future national army of Free India. Every Indian must feel proud that this Army, his own Army, has been organized entirely under Indian leadership and that when the historic moment arrives, under Indian leadership it will go to battle.

There are people who thought at one time that the Empire on which the sun did not set was an everlasting empire. No such thought ever troubled me. History had taught me that every empire has its inevitable decline and collapse. Moreover I had seen with my own eyes, cities and fortresses that were once the bulwarks but which became the graveyards of by-gone empires. Standing today on the graveyard of the British empire, even a child is convinced that the almighty British empire is already a thing of the past.

When France declared war on Germany in 1939 and the campaign began, there was but one cry which rose from the lips of German soldiers--"To Paris, To Paris!" When the Brave soldiers of Nippon set out on their march in December 1941 there was but one cry which rose from their lips-"To Singapore. To Singapore!" Comrades! Soldiers! Let your battle-cry be-"To-Delhi to Delhi! "How many of us will individually survive this war of freedom, I do not know. But I do know this, that we shall ultimately win and our task will not end until our surviving heroes hold the victory parade on another graveyard of the British empire, the Lal Kila or Red Fortress of ancient Delhi.

Throughout my public career, I have always felt that though India is otherwise ripe for independence in every way, she has lacked one thing, namely an army of liberation. George Washington of America could fight and win freedom, because he had his army. Garibaldi could liberate Italy, because he had his armed volunteers behind him. It is your privilege and honour to be the first to come forward and organize India's national army. By doing so, you have removed the last obstacle in our path to freedom. Be happy and proud that you are the pioneers, the vanguard, in such a noble cause.

Let me remind you that you have a two-fold task to perform. With the force of arms and at the cost of your blood you will have to win liberty. Then, when India is free, you will have to organize the permanent army of Free India, whose task it will be to preserve our liberty for all time. We must build up our national defense on such an unshakable foundation that never again in our history shall we lose our freedom.

As soldiers, you will always have to cherish and live up to the three-ideals of faithfulness, duty and sacrifice. Soldiers who always remain faithful to their nation, who are always prepared to sacrifice their lives, are invincible. If you, too, want to be invincible, engrave these three ideals in the innermost core of your hearts.

A true soldier needs both military and spiritual training. You must, all of you, so train yourselves and your comrades that every soldier will have unbounded confidence in himself, will be conscious of being immensely superior to the enemy, will be fearless of death, and will have sufficient initiative to act on his own in any critical situation should the need arise. During the course of the present war, you have seen with your own eyes what wonders scientific training, coupled with courage, fearlessness and dynamism, can achieve. Learn all that you can from this example, and build up for Mother India an absolutely first-class modern army.

To those of you who are officers, I should like to say that your responsibility is a heavy one. Though the responsibility of an officer in every army in this world is indeed great, it is far greater in your case. Because of our political enslavement, we have no tradition like that of Mukden, Port Arthur or Sedan to inspire us. We have to unlearn some of the things that the British taught us and we have to learn much that they did not teach. Nevertheless. I am confident that you will rise to the occasion and fulfill the task that your countrymen have thrown on your brave soldiers. Remember always that officers can make or unmake an army. Remember, too, that the British have suffered defeats on so many fronts largely because of worthless officers. And remember also that out of your ranks will be born the future General Staff of the Army of Free India.

To all of you I should like to say that in the course of this war you will have to acquire the experience and achieve the success which alone can build up a national tradition for our Army. An army that has no tradition of courage, fearlessness and invincibility cannot hold its own in a struggle with a powerful enemy.

Comrades ! You have voluntarily accepted a mission that is the noblest that the human mind can conceive of. For the fulfillment of such a mission no sacrifice is too great, not even the sacrifice of one's life. You are today the custodians of India's national honour and the embodiment of India's hopes and aspirations. So conduct yourself that your countrymen may bless you and posterity may be proud of you.

I have said that today is the proudest day of my life. For an enslaved people, there can be no greater pride, no higher honour, than to be the first soldier in the army of liberation. But this honour carries with it a corresponding responsibility and I am deeply conscious of it. I assure you that I shall be with you in darkness and in sunshine, in sorrow and in joy, in suffering and in victory. For the present, I can offer you nothing except hunger, thirst, privation, forced marches and death. But if you follow me in life and in death, as I am confident you will, I shall lead you to victory and freedom. It does not matter who among us will live to see India free. It is enough that India shall be free and that we shall give our all to make her free. May God now bless our Army and grant us victory in the coming fight !

Inqualab Zindabad ! Azad Hind Zindabad !


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The main theme of my life is to take the message of Sanatana Dharma to every home and pave the way for launching, in a big way, the man-making programme preached and envisaged by great seers like Swami Vivekananda. - Mananeeya Eknathji

विवेकानन्द केन्द्र कन्याकुमारी (Vivekananda Kendra Kanyakumari)
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read Article, Magazine, Book @ http://eshop.vivekanandakendra.org/e-granthalaya
Cell : +91-941-801-5995, Landline : +91-177-283-5995

. . . Are you Strong? Do you feel Strength? — for I know it is Truth alone that gives Strength. Strength is the medicine for the world's disease . . .
This is the great fact: "Strength is LIFE; Weakness is Death."
Follow us on   blog   twitter   youtube   facebook   g+   delicious   rss   Donate Online

Monday, 21 January 2019

Swami Brahmananda Jayanti

When Swamiji, who was still in America, heard of Swami Brahmananda's return to Calcutta, he felt relieved of any further anxiety regarding the conduct of the Ramakrishna Order in India. His letters to Maharaj were full of the spirit of universal service; and Maharaj, in his turn, would inspire his brother disciples with the same ideal. All felt an unbounded confidence in Swamiji and Maharaj; but the love of these two for each other was so deep and so spiritual that no one else could fully understand it. Two years after Brahmananda's return from Brindaban, Swamiji came back from America. A public reception was prepared for him at a house in Calcutta, and Maharaj himself was the first to welcome his brother, placing a garland of flowers around his neck. Swamiji in turn, touched the feet of Maharaj, quoting a saying from the scriptures: "The son of a guru is to be regarded as the guru himself," (meaning that Brahmananda was the spiritual son of Sri Ramakrishna). Smiling sweetly, Maharaj touched his feet and returned the compliment with another quotation: "One's elder brother is to be respected like one's father."

Swamiji was then taken to the Alambazar Monastery. Here he placed in Brahmananda's hands all the money which American devotees had subscribed towards the Indian Mission. "All this time," he said, "I have been acting as a trustee. It is a relief to give this back to its real owner -- our Raja." The natures of the two friends were widely dissimilar, and yet, in a sense, complimentary. In the words of Sri Ramakrishna: "Naren dwells in the realm of the absolute, the impersonal. He is like a sharp, drawn sword of discrimination. Rakhal dwells in the realm of God, the Sweet One, the repository of all blessed qualities. He is like a child on the lap of his mother, completely surrendering himself to her in every way."

Vivekananda was like the flaming fire, the midday sun -- burning up all evil and impurity. Brahmananda was like a soft, cool light, soothing the aching heart. Vivekananda was like the deep and restless ocean - always fighting against ignorance and superstition. Brahmananda was like the blue sky, vast and patient in spirit. The manner of his working was inward and silent.

Vivekananda laid the foundation for the spiritual undertaking entrusted to him by his master: Brahmananda built the edifice. Vivekananda, with his dynamic, aggressive personality, could wake a man from the sleep of ignorance: Brahmananda with his characteristic serenity could show him the way to mould his life in God.

Each paid memorable tribute to the other. "Through Swamiji," said Brahmananda, "the world has come to know of Sri Ramakrishna. But for him, very few could have understood our master's genius." And in the words of Swamiji: "Raja is the greatest treasure house of spirituality." Once a European devotee came to visit Swamiji in the monastery, wishing to have his spiritual problems solved. Swamiji sent him to Maharaj, saying: "There you will find a dynamo working, and we are all under him." After talking to Maharaj, the devotee expressed his gratitude and told Swamiji that
all his doubts had been removed.

Swami Saradananda rightly remarks: "If Swami Vivekananda was loved and cherished by the Master as the means by which his spiritual mission was to be proclaimed to the world, Swami Brahmananda was no less valued by him as the future head of his organization."


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The main theme of my life is to take the message of Sanatana Dharma to every home and pave the way for launching, in a big way, the man-making programme preached and envisaged by great seers like Swami Vivekananda. - Mananeeya Eknathji

विवेकानन्द केन्द्र कन्याकुमारी (Vivekananda Kendra Kanyakumari)
Vivekananda Rock Memorial & Vivekananda Kendra : http://www.vivekanandakendra.org
Read Article, Magazine, Book @ http://eshop.vivekanandakendra.org/e-granthalaya
Cell : +91-941-801-5995, Landline : +91-177-283-5995

. . . Are you Strong? Do you feel Strength? — for I know it is Truth alone that gives Strength. Strength is the medicine for the world's disease . . .
This is the great fact: "Strength is LIFE; Weakness is Death."
Follow us on   blog   twitter   youtube   facebook   g+   delicious   rss   Donate Online

Wednesday, 16 January 2019

Saint Thiruvalluvar

About two thousand years ago there flourished in Mylapore, Madras, a born Siddha and a born poet by name Valluvar or, as he is more commonly known, 'Thiruvalluvar', which only means, 'the devotee of the Valluva caste'. Valluvas are Pariahs (now called Harijans) and their vocation was proclaiming the orders of the king by beat of drum. There is a tradition that Thiruvalluvar was the son of one Bhagavan, a Brahmin, and Adi, a Pariah woman whom he had married.

Thiruvalluvar was born at Madurai, the capital of the Pandyas. He is regarded as an Avatara of Brahma. His wife Vasuki was a chaste and devoted lady, an ideal wife, who never disobeyed the orders of her husband, but always carried them out implicitly. Thiruvalluvar showed people that a person could lead the life of a Grihastha or householder, and at the same time, lead a divine life or a life of purity and sanctity. He showed people that there was no necessity to leave the family and become a Sannyasin to lead a divine life of purity and sanctity. All his wise sayings and teachings are now in book form and known as 'Thirukkural'. These sayings are all in couplets. Here are some of them:

    Just as the alphabet 'A' is the beginning of all letters, so also, God is the beginning for this universe.

    Learn the Shastras completely and then act according to their injunctions.

    The Anicha flower will fade by smelling, but guests are more sensitive if the hosts turn their faces a bit.

    Death is like sleeping in the burial ground;
    birth is like waking in the morning.

These couplets are 1,330 in number. They contain the essence of the Vedas, the Upanishads and the six Darshanas. Thirukkural is regarded as a universal Bible. It is another Gita, Koran or Zend Avesta.

Some aspirants repaired to Thiruvalluvar and enquired: "O sage, which Ashrama of life is better—Grihastha or Sannyasa?". Thiruvalluvar did not give any answer. He simply kept quiet. He wanted to teach them the glory of Grihastha Ashrama by example.

Thiruvalluvar was taking cold rice in the morning. He said to his wife: "Vasuki, the rice is very hot. Bring a fan to cool it". Thiruvalluvar's wife was drawing water from the well when Thiruvalluvar called her. She at once left the rope and ran to him with a fan to cool the rice. She did not say to her husband: "How can the cold rice be hot? Why do you want a fan now?". She simply obeyed his commands. The vessel that contained water was hanging half-way in the well unsupported, on account of her Pativrata Dharma Shakti. The aspirants noticed this phenomenon and the noble conduct of Vasuki and were simply struck with amazement.

About midday, on another occasion, Valluvar called his wife and said, "Bring a lamp immediately, O Vasuki! I am stitching the cloth. I cannot see the eye of the needle. I cannot pass the thread properly". Vasuki did not say to her husband: "It is broad daylight now. Why do you want a lamp? You can see the eye of the needle clearly". But she implicitly obeyed his word. The aspirants were much inspired by the ideal life of sage Thiruvalluvar and the exalted conduct of Vasuki. They did not speak a word to the saint. They took leave of the saint and quietly left the place with profound satisfaction. They were deeply impressed by the practical and exemplary life led by Thiruvalluvar and Vasuki. They learnt the lesson that the life of an ideal householder was in no way inferior to that of an ideal Sannyasin who was treading the path of Nivritti and austerity in the Himalayan caves and that each was great in its own place, time and circumstances.

Dear readers! Such ladies sit enthroned in the hearts of their husbands. No doubt they are hard to find, because such women never advertise themselves; but there must be many in our land of Rishis and sages; and unless we maintain such a high level of moral purity, we will all be going down in these days of modern civilization and scientific advancement. If the husbands of the present day behave like Thiruvalluvar, the wives will say, "My husband has become senseless. He wants to fan the rice when it is so cold! He wants a light when there is broad sunlight". The wives will rebuke their husbands and fight with them.

That house wherein the wife serves the husband with sincere devotion and observes Pativrata Dharma is heaven on earth. That house wherein the wife fights with the husband and disobeys his orders is a veritable hell on earth. Ladies who practise Pativrata Dharma need not go to temples. They need not practise any Vrata or penance. Service to the husband becomes worship. They can realise God through service to their husbands. Husbands also should be ideal persons with noble qualities. Husbands are the Gurus for their wives. The wives need not get any initiation from any Acharya. Glory to such exalted ladies who practise Pativrata Dharma!

This biography is from Swami Sivanandaji's book "Lives of Saints".

Thiruvalluvar was a celebrated Tamil poet and philosopher who lived in the 4th century BCE. He is best known for authoring Thirukkuṛaḷ, a collection of couplets on ethics, political and economic matters, and love. The text is considered as one of the finest works of Tamil literature.

Thiruvalluvar, was chosen as the Tamil language's greatest historical figure after Tamil scholars unanimously agreed to the proposal. As a result, a resolution to celebrate a day known as "Thiruvalluvar Day" for him by all Tamils was passed on 17 January 1935.

The holiday takes places at the end of the three-day festival for Pongal.

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