Thursday, 12 March 2015

India : The Creator of Organised Life

|| योग: कर्मसु कौशलम् ||
Mananeeya Eknathji says : In the past as every one knew and was aware of the equipment he possessed and the limitations of his talents, he was happy with the livelihood he received. There was no sense of superiority or inferiority as everybody's talents were essential for the smooth working of the organized social life. All these varied tendencies were woven into a perfect and an ideal fabric of an organized society for thousands of years.

The Purusha Sukta which we have in Rig Veda says about the transcendental totality of all creation and it is conceived as the Cosmic Person, the Universal Consciousness animating all manifestations. All this manifestation is the Purusha alone— whatever was and whatever will be. He is the Lord of Immortality, for He transcends all in His Form as food  - the universe. Such is His Glory; but greater still is the Purusha.

That, Immortal Purusha stood above transcending all things, and His one foot was this world of becoming. Then He pervaded everything universally, the conscious as well as the unconscious. From That Supreme Being did the Cosmic Body Virat originate, and in this Cosmic Body did the Omnipresent Intelligence manifest itself. Having manifested Himself, He appeared as all diversity, and then as this earth and this body.

When there being no external material other than the Purusha the Devas performed a universal sacrifice in contemplation by mind, with the Purusha Himself as the sacred offering, the spring season was the clarified butter, summer the fuel, autumn the oblation. They set up for sacrifice the Purusha as the object of their meditation—Him who was prior to all creation; and they, the Devas, Sadhyas and Rishis, performed this first sacrifice.

From that Purusha, who was of the form of a Universal Sacrifice, the sacred mixture of curds and ghee for oblation was produced. Then He brought forth the aerial beings, the forest-dwelling animals, and also the domestic ones. From that Purusha, who was the Universal Sacrifice, the Riks and the Samans were produced; from Him the metres of the mantras were born; from Him the Yajus was born.

From Him were born horses and whatever animals have two rows of teeth. Verily, cows were born of Him; from Him were born goats and sheep. And when they contemplated the Purusha as the Universal Sacrifice, into how many parts did they divide Him in their meditations? What was His mouth called, what were His arms, what were His thighs, what were His feet called?

The Brahmana - spiritual wisdom and splendour was His mouth; the Kshatriya - administrative and military prowess His arms became. His thighs were the Vaisya -commercial and business enterprise; of His feet the Sudra  -productive and sustaining force was born. The Moon symbol of the mind was born from His cosmic mind; the Sun symbol of self and consciousness was born from His eyes. Indra power of grasping and activity and Agni will-force came from His mouth; from His vital energy air was born.

In that Universal Meditation as Sacrifice the firmament came from His navel; the heavens were produced from His head; the earth from His feet; from His ears the quarters of space—so they constituted the worlds.

The Rishis who thought about the whole creation in this form were from this land and as we see, how everything is well knit and connected. That is how, the Organized life was very much in India from time immemorial. 
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मुक्तसंग्ङोऽनहंवादी धृत्युत्साहसमन्वित:।
सिद्ध‌‌यसिद्धयोर्निर्विकार: कर्ता सात्त्विक उच्यते ॥१८.२६॥

Freed from attachment, non-egoistic, endowed with courage and enthusiasm and unperturbed by success or failure, the worker is known as a pure (Sattvika) one. Four outstanding and essential qualities of a worker. - Bhagwad Gita : XVIII-26