Saturday, 3 January 2015

Role of Purushsarthas for 2.1


|| योग: कर्मसु कौशलम् ||

Mananeeya Eknathji again places the role of desires to Karyakartas. Here, he goes very deep and places the goal of IDEAL SOCIAL ORDER. Sarve bhavantu sukhinah.... is to be achieved, but then, unless clashes and conflicts are avoided and efforts are made to fulfill aspirations of all with mutual adjustment, understanding and inclusive approach, it would be difficult. He says :The selfishness in the fulfillment of one's desires becomes the enlightened selfishness' when one takes cognizance of the society. It is for the individual benefit only, but one follows certain norms of the society. There is in every society, whether civilized or otherwise, a social law and order. All individuals have their manifold desires to be satisfied and it is in order to avoid the conflict in the interests of all individuals that laws are made to govern the society in a proper way. The noble preaching of the Bible: "Do unto others what thou wouldst have done unto thee" incorporates the same principle. This social order ultimately results in the Government of a nation. All individuals in the society enter into a social contract for their mutual benefit.

Here he further explains the Purusharthas which one needs to work on as a human being. Understanding them would give wholesome view of life. It ultimately leads one to the basic question of understanding the human life. And any effort in this direction leads to purposeful life. Eknathji says : There is an understanding amongst the individuals and then thiis higher form of social order is called Dharma. God and spirituality are not the unavoidable essentials of Dharma. According to the Hindu culture, every one has to attain the four Purushartha "the principal objectives of human life". These are Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. But of all these Kama is the first. The desire forms the primary and principal instinct of man. Next comes Artha, the means for achievement of these desires. There are desires of body and mind of the common people. When many individuals come together, a social order binding and guiding the behaviour of all of them for mutual satisfaction has to be evolved. This social order is Dharma. But it is found that after the satisfaction of the primary needs of body and mind, which is an earlier stage in human development, there arises and desires for a higher type of pleasure, which marks another landmark in human life. This is intellectual pleasure. But as intellect is employed for fulfillment of desires gradually it also notices the universe around which bring man face to face with some deeper ideas.


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The main theme of my life is to take the message of Sanatana Dharma to every home and pave the way for launching, in a big way, the man-making programme preached and envisaged by great seers like Swami Vivekananda. - Mananeeya Eknathji

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