Wednesday, 1 May 2013

Aim of Education

 ॐ वीरेश्वराय विद्महे विवेकानन्दाय धीमहि । तन्नो वीर: प्रचोदयात् ।

The end of all education, all training, should be man-making. The end and aim of all training is to make the man grow.

There are two aspects of education. One is education for the function of man and the other is education of the being of man. If education keeps before it the ideal of turning out men of character who will perform their functions, whatever they may be, in a disinterested and conscientious manner, that is education of the being of man. Training of men’s talents and faculties to make them fit for the diverse functions in life is education for the function of man- such as an engineer, doctor, a lawyer, an administrator, a scientist, a craftsman, who are all equally members of the body-social performing their own specific functions.


An expert doctor or a thorough-going scientist need not necessarily be a moral person, if the stress is not laid on the development of the being of man. If a good man is also an efficient doctor, then the benefit that flows from such a person is immense. Otherwise, a wicked person who has all the functional qualification of an expert doctor can do incalculable mischief. In the hands of a wicked man, mighty knowledge can become a dreadful instrument causing sorrow and suffering to numberless people.
Education must undertake responsibility of shaping individuals into fine example of human personalities, in whom human considerations will reign supreme, and all other interests will occupy only a secondary place. Alongside of formal and functional education, which of course , is essential for everyone who wishes to be of a useful member of society, there ought to be that indispensable aspect of education namely, the education of the moral being of man. Both formal and moral education should be given side by side, in order to prepare man to accept and occupy a responsible and respectable position in society and to discharge the duties that devolve upon him truly, honestly, and conscientiously. It is this kind of character building education that Swami Vivekananda wanted when he said: The end of all education, all training, should be man-making. The end and aim of all training is to make the man grow.’ ‘It is man-making education all round that we want’